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Waves in weakly ionised solar plasmas  

Abdulaziz Alharbi   Submitted: 2022-02-16 03:40

Here we study the nature and characteristics of waves propagating in partially ionised plasmas in the weakly ionised limit, typical for the lower part of the solar atmosphere. The framework in which the properties of waves are discussed depends on the relative magnitude of collisions between particles, but also on the relative magnitude of the collisional frequencies compared to the gyro-frequency of charged particles. Our investigation shows that the weakly ionised solar atmospheric plasma can divided into two regions and this division occurs, roughly, at the base of the chromosphere. In the solar photosphere the plasma is non-magnetised and the dynamics can described within the three-fluid framework where acoustic waves associated to each species can propagate. Due to the very high concentration of neutrals, the neutral sound waves propagates with no damping, while for the other two modes the damping rate is determined by collisions with neutrals. The ion and electron-related acoustic modes propagate with a cut-off determined by the collisional frequency of these species with neutrals. In the weakly ionised chromosphere only electrons are magnetised, however, the strong coupling of charged particles reduces the working framework to a two-fluid model. The disassociation of charged particles creates electric currents that can influence the characteristic of waves. The propagation properties of waves with respect to the angle of propagation are studied with the help of polar diagrams.

Authors: A. Alharbi, I. Ballai, V. Fedun, G. Verth
Projects: None

Publication Status: acceppted.
Last Modified: 2022-02-16 13:07
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Slow magnetoacoustic waves in gravitationally stratified two-fluid plasmas in strongly ionised limit  

Abdulaziz Alharbi   Submitted: 2020-12-11 04:53

The plasma dynamics at frequencies comparable with collisional frequency between various species has to be described in multi-fluid framework, where collisional interaction between particles is an important ingredient. In our study we will assume that charged particles are strongly coupled, meaning that they form a single fluid that interacts with neutrals, therefore we will employ a two-fluid model. Here we aim to investigate the evolutionary equation of slow sausage waves propagating in a gravitationally stratified flux tube in the two-fluid solar atmosphere in a strongly ionised limit using an initial value analysis. Due to the collisional interaction between massive particles (ions and neutrals) the governing equations are coupled. Solutions are sought in the strongly ionised limit and the density ratio between neutrals and charged particles is a small parameter. This limit is relevant to the upper part of the chromosphere. Our results show that slow sausage waves associated with charged particles propagate such that their possible frequency is affected by a cut-off due to the gravitational stratification. contrast, for neutral acoustic waves the cut-off value applies on their wavelength and only small wavelength waves are able to propagate. Slow modes associated to neutrals are driven by the collisional coupling with ions.

Authors: A. Alharbi, I. Ballai, V. Fedun, G. Verth
Projects: None

Publication Status: acceppted.
Last Modified: 2020-12-13 18:37
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Waves in weakly ionised solar plasmas
Slow magnetoacoustic waves in gravitationally stratified two-fluid plasmas in strongly ionised limit

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