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Forecasting Solar Wind Speeds  

Suzuki Takeru   Submitted: 2006-02-03 05:49

By explicitly taking into account effects of Alfvén waves, I derive from a simple energetics argument a fundamental relation which predicts solar wind (SW) speeds in the vicinity of the earth from physical properties on the sun. Kojima et al. recently found from their observations that a ratio of surface magnetic field strength to an expansion factor of open magnetic flux tubes is a good indicator of the SW speed. I show by using the derived relation that this nice correlation is an evidence of the Alfvén wave which accelerates SW in expanding flux tubes. The observations further require that fluctuation amplitudes of magnetic field lines at the surface should be almost universal in different coronal holes, which needs to be tested by future observations.

Authors: Takeru K. Suzuki

Publication Status: ApJL, 640, L75 (astro-ph/0602062)
Last Modified: 2006-03-14 18:47
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