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Evaluation of a Selected Case of the Minimum Dissipative Rate Method for Non-Force-Free Solar Magnetic Field Extrapolation  

Gilmer Allen Gary   Submitted: 2009-04-10 09:54

The minimum dissipative rate (MDR) method for deriving a coronal non-force-free magnetic field solution is partially evaluated. These magnetic field solutions employ a combination of three linear (constant α force-free-field solutions with one being a potential field (i.e., α 0). We examine the particular case of the solutions where the other two α s are of equal magnitude but of opposite signs. This is motivated by studying the SOLIS vector magnetograms of AR 10987 which show a global α value consistent with an α 0 value as evaluated by (Curl B)z/Bz over the region. Typical of the current state of the observing technology, there is no definitive twist for input into the general MDR method. This suggests that the special α case, of two α s with equal magnitudes and opposite signs, is appropriate given the data. Only for an extensively twisted active region does a dominant, non-zero α normally emerge from a distribution of local values. For a special set of conditions, we find: (i) The resulting magnetic field is a vertically inflated magnetic field resulting from the electric currents being parallel to the photosphere, similar to the results of Gary and Alexander (1999). (ii) For α ~ α _max/2), the Lorentz force per unit volume normalized by the square of the magnetic field is on the order of 1.4x10-10 cm^-1. The Lorentz force (L_F) is a factor of ten higher than that of the magnetic force d(B^2/8pi)/dz, a component of L_F. The calculated photospheric electric current densities are an order smaller than the maximum observed in all active regions. Hence both the Lorentz force density and the generated electric current density seem to be physically consistent with possible solar dynamics. The results imply that the field could be inflated with an over pressure along the neutral line. (iii) However, the implementation of this or any other extrapolation method using the electric current density as a lower boundary condition must be done cautiously, with the current magnetography.

Authors: G. Allen Gary
Projects: National Solar Observatory (Sac Peak)

Publication Status: submitted
Last Modified: 2009-04-11 09:44
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Evaluation of a Selected Case of the Minimum Dissipative Rate Method for Non-Force-Free Solar Magnetic Field Extrapolation

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