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HELICITY CONSERVATION IN NONLINEAR MEAN-FIELD SOLAR DYNAMO  

Valery Pipin   Submitted: 2013-04-16 10:45

It is believed that magnetic helicity conservation is an important constraint on large-scale astrophysical dynamos. In this paper, we study a mean-field solar dynamo model that employs two different formulations of the magnetic helicity conservation. In the first approach, the evolution of the averaged small-scale magnetic helicity is largely determined by the local induction effects due to the large-scale magnetic field, turbulent motions, and the turbulent diffusive loss of helicity. In this case, the dynamo model shows that the typical strength of the large-scale magnetic field generated by the dynamo is much smaller than the equipartition value for the magnetic Reynolds number 106. This is the so-called catastrophic quenching (CQ) phenomenon. In the literature, this is considered to be typical for various kinds of solar dynamo models, including the distributed-type and the Babcock-Leighton-type dynamos. The problem can be resolved by the second formulation, which is derived from the integral conservation of the total magnetic helicity. In this case, the dynamo model shows that magnetic helicity propagates with the dynamo wave from the bottom of the convection zone to the surface. This prevents CQ because of the local balance between the large-scale and small-scale magnetic helicities. Thus, the solar dynamo can operate in a wide range of magnetic Reynolds numbers up to 106.

Authors: V.V. Pipin, D.D. Sokoloff, H. Zhang, K.M. Kuzanyan
Projects: None

Publication Status: accepted in ApJ
Last Modified: 2013-04-17 12:22
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HELICITY CONSERVATION IN NONLINEAR MEAN-FIELD SOLAR DYNAMO

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