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Variation of proton flux profiles with the observer's latitude in simulated gradual SEP events  

Rosa Rodriguez-Gasen   Submitted: 2013-10-18 01:18

We study the variation of the shape of the proton intensity-time profiles in simulated gradual Solar Energetic Particle (SEP) events with the relative observer's position in space with respect to the main direction of propagation of an interplanetary (IP) shock. Using a three-dimensional (3D) magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) code to simulate such a shock, we determine the evolution of the downstream-to-upstream ratios of the plasma variables at its front. Under the assumption of an existing relation between the normalized ratio in speed across the shock front and the injection rate of shock-accelerated particles, we model the transport of the particles and we obtain the proton flux profiles to be measured by a grid of 18 virtual observers located at 0.4 and 1.0 AU, with different latitudes and longitudes with respect to the shock nose. The differences among flux profiles are the result of the way each observer establishes a magnetic connection with the shock front, and we find that changes in the observer's latitude may result in intensity changes of up to one order of magnitude at both radial distances considered here. The peak intensity variation with the radial distance for the pair of observers located at the same angular position is also derived. This is the first time that the latitudinal dependence of the peak intensity with the observer's heliocentric radial distance has been quantified within the framework of gradual SEP event simulations.

Authors: R. Rodriguez-Gasen, A. Aran, B. Sanahuja, C. Jacobs, S. Poedts
Projects: None

Publication Status: In press
Last Modified: 2013-10-21 07:45
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Exploring the capabilities of the Anti-Coincidence Shield of the INTEGRAL spectrometer to study solar flares  

Rosa Rodriguez-Gasen   Submitted: 2013-09-12 15:55

INTEGRAL is a hard X-ray/gamma-ray observatory for astrophysics (ESA) covering photon energies from 15 keV to 10 MeV. It was launched in 2002 and since then the BGO detectors of the Anti-Coincidence shield (ACS) of the SPI spectrometer have detected many hard X-ray (HXR) bursts from the Sun, producing lightcurves at photon energies above ~ 100 keV. The spacecraft has a highly elliptical orbit, providing a long uninterrupted observing time (about 90% of the orbital period) with nearly constant background due to the reduction of the crossing time of the Earth's radiation belts. However, due to technical constraints, INTEGRAL cannot point to the Sun and high-energy solar photons are always detected in non-standard observation conditions. To make the data useful for solar studies, we have undertaken a major effort to specify the observing conditions through Monte-Carlo simulations of the response of ACS for several selected flares. We check the performance of the model employed for the Monte-Carlo simulations using RHESSI observations for the same sample of solar flares. We conclude that, despite the fact that INTEGRAL was not designed to perform solar observations, ACS is a useful instrument in solar flare research. In particular, its relatively large effective area allows the determination of good-quality HXR/gamma-ray lightcurves for X- and M-class solar flares and, in some cases, probably also for C-class flares

Authors: Rosa Rodriguez-Gasen, Juergen Kiener, Vincent Tatischeff, Nicole Vilmer, Clarisse Hamadache, Karl-Ludwig Klein
Projects: RHESSI

Publication Status: Submitted
Last Modified: 2013-09-12 15:55
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Variation of proton flux profiles with the observer's latitude in simulated gradual SEP events
Exploring the capabilities of the Anti-Coincidence Shield of the INTEGRAL spectrometer to study solar flares

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