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Interaction between an emerging flux region and a pre-existing fan-spine dome observed by IRIS and SDO  

Fayu Jiang   Submitted: 2015-05-12 02:13

We present multi-wavelength observations of a fan-spine dome in the active region NOAA 11996 with the Interface Region Imaging Spectrograph (IRIS) and the Atmospheric Imaging Assembly on board the Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO) on March 9, 2014. The destruction of the fan-spine topology owing to the interaction between its magnetic fields and an nearby emerging flux region (EFR) is firstly observed. The line-of-sight magnetograms from the Helioseismic and Magnetic Imager on board the SDO reveal that the dome is located on the mixed magnetic fields, with its rim rooted in the redundant positive polarity surrounding the minority parasitic negative fields. The fan surface of the dome consists of a filament system and recurring jets are observed along its spine. The jet occurring around 13:54 UT is accompanied with a quasi-circular ribbon that brightens in the clockwise direction along the bottom rim of the dome, which may indicate an occurrence of slipping reconnection in the fan-spine topology. The EFR emerges continuously and meets with the magnetic fields of the dome. Magnetic cancellations take place between the emerging negative polarity and the outer positive polarity of the dome's fields, which lead to the rise of the loop connecting the EFR and brightenings related to the dome. A single Gaussian fit to the profiles of the IRIS SI IV 1394 Å line is used in the analysis. It appears that there are two rising components along the slit, except for the rise in the line-of-sight direction. The cancellation process repeats again and again. Eventually the fan-spine dome is destroyed and a new connectivity is formed. We suggest that magnetic reconnection between the EFR and the magnetic fields of the fan-spine dome in the process is responsible for the destruction of the dome.

Authors: Fayu Jiang, Jun Zhang, Shuhong Yang
Projects: IRIS,SDO-AIA,SDO-HMI

Publication Status: accepted for publication in Publications of the Astronomical Society of Japan
Last Modified: 2015-05-12 11:12
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Relationship between EUV microflares and small-scale magnetic fields in the quiet Sun  

Fayu Jiang   Submitted: 2015-02-12 18:59

Microflares are small dynamic signatures observed in X-ray and extreme-ultraviolet channels. Because of their impulsive emission enhancements and wide distribution, they are thought to be closely related to coronal heating. By using the high resolution 171 Å images from the Atmospheric Imaging Assembly and the lines-of-sight magnetograms obtained by the Helioseismic and Magnetic Imager on board the Solar Dynamics Observatory, we trace 10794 microflares in a quiet region near the disk center with a field of view of 960 arcsec x 1068 arcsec during 24 hr. The microflares have an occurrence rate of 4.4 x 103 hr-1 extrapolated over the whole Sun. Their average brightness, size, and lifetime are 1.7 I0(of the quiet Sun), 9.6 Mm2, and 3.6 min, respectively. There exists a mutual positive correlation between the microflares' brightness, area and lifetime. In general, the microflares distribute uniformly across the solar disk, but form network patterns locally, which are similar to and matched with the magnetic network structures. Typical cases show that the microflares prefer to occur in magnetic cancellation regions of network boundaries. We roughly calculate the upper limit of energy flux supplied by the microflares and find that the result is still a factor of ∼15 below the coronal heating requirement.

Authors: Fayu Jiang, Jun Zhang, Shuhong Yang
Projects: SDO-AIA,SDO-HMI

Publication Status: Accepted for publication in Publications of the Astronomical Society of Japan
Last Modified: 2015-02-14 22:11
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Interaction between an emerging flux region and a pre-existing fan-spine dome observed by IRIS and SDO
Relationship between EUV microflares and small-scale magnetic fields in the quiet Sun

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