E-Print Archive

There are 4291 abstracts currently viewable.


Search:

Advanced Search
Options
Main Page Add New E-Print Submitter
Information
Feedback
News Help/FAQ About Preferences
Manage Key Phrase
Notification
* News 04/04/20 * The archive is using a new backend database. This has thrown up a few SQL errors in the last few days. If you have any issues please email adavey@nso.edu with either the number of eprint you are trying to edit or a link to your preprint.

Active-Region Tilt Angles from White-Light Images and Magnetograms: The Role of Magnetic Tongues  

Mariano Poisson   Submitted: 2020-04-17 08:25

The presence of elongations in active region (AR) polarities, called magnetic tongues, are mostly visible during their emergence phase. AR tilts have been measured thoroughly using long-term white-light (WL) databases, sometimes combined with magnetic field information. Since the influence of magnetic tongues on WL tilt measurements has not been taken into account before, we aim to investigate their role in tilt-angle values and to compare them with those derived from LOS magnetograms. We apply four methods to compute the tilt angle of generally bipolar ARs: one applies the k-means algorithm to WL data, a second one includes the magnetic field sign of the polarities to WL data, and a third one uses the magnetic flux-weighted center of each polarity. The tilt values computed in any of these ways are affected by the presence of magnetic tongues. Therefore, we apply the newly developed Core Field Fit Estimator (CoFFE) method to separate the magnetic flux in the tongues from that in the AR core. We compare the four computed tilt-angle values, as well as these with the ones reported in long-term WL databases. For ARs with low magnetic flux tongues the different methods report consistent tilt-angle values. But for ARs with high flux tongues there are noticeable discrepancies between all methods indicating that magnetic tongues affect differently WL and magnetic data. However, in general, CoFFE achieves a better estimation of the main bipole tilt because it removes both the effect of tongues as well as the emergence of secondary bipoles when it occurs in between the main bipole magnetic polarities.

Authors: M. Poisson, P. Démoulin, C.H. Mandrini, M.C. López Fuentes
Projects: SoHO-MDI

Publication Status: Accepted for publication
Last Modified: 2020-04-17 12:01
Go to main E-Print page  Edit Entry  Download Preprint  Delete Entry 

Correcting the effect of magnetic tongues on the tilt angle of bipolar active regions  

Mariano Poisson   Submitted: 2020-01-02 07:18

The magnetic polarities of bipolar active regions (ARs) exhibit elongations in line-of-sight magnetograms during their emergence. These elongations are referred to as magnetic tongues and attributed to the presence of twist in the emerging magnetic flux-ropes (FRs) that form ARs. The presence of magnetic tongues affects the measurement of any AR characteristic that depends on its magnetic flux distribution. The AR tilt-angle is one of them. We aim to develop a method to isolate and remove the flux associated with the tongues to determine the AR tilt-angle with as much precision as possible. As a first approach, we used a simple emergence model of a FR. This allowed us to develop and test our aim based on a method to remove the effects of magnetic tongues. Then, using the experience gained from the analysis of the model, we applied our method to photospheric observations of bipolar ARs that show clear magnetic tongues. Using the developed procedure on the FR model, we can reduce the deviation in the tilt estimation by more than 60%. Next we illustrate the performance of the method with four examples of bipolar ARs selected for their large magnetic tongues. The new method efficiently removes the spurious rotation of the bipole. This correction is mostly independent of the method input parameters and significant since it is larger than all the estimated tilt errors. We have developed a method to isolate the magnetic flux associated with the FR core during the emergence of bipolar ARs. This allows us to compute the AR tilt-angle and its evolution as precisely as possible. We suggest that the high dispersion observed in the determination of AR tilt-angles in studies that massively compute them from line-of sight magnetograms can be partly due to the existence of magnetic tongues whose presence is not sufficiently acknowledged.

Authors: M. Poisson, M.C. López Fuentes, C.H. Mandrini, P. Démoulin, C. MacCormack
Projects: SoHO-MDI

Publication Status: Accepted for publication
Last Modified: 2020-01-02 23:41
Go to main E-Print page  Edit Entry  Download Preprint  Delete Entry 

Evidence of Twisted flux-tube Emergence in Active Regions  

Mariano Poisson   Submitted: 2015-08-05 13:14

Elongated magnetic polarities are observed during the emergence phase of bipolar active regions (ARs). These extended features, called magnetic tongues, are interpreted as a consequence of the azimuthal component of the magnetic flux in the toroidal flux-tubes that form ARs. We develop a new systematic and user-independent method to identify AR tongues. Our method is based on determining and analyzing the evolution of the AR main polarity inversion line (PIL). The effect of the tongues is quantified by measuring the acute angle [ tau] between the orientation of the PIL and the direction orthogonal to the AR main bipolar axis. We apply a simple model to simulate the emergence of a bipolar AR. This model lets us interpret the effect of magnetic tongues on parameters that characterize ARs ( e.g. the PIL inclination and the tilt angles, and their evolution). In this idealized kinematic emergence model, τ is a monotonically increasing function of the twist and has the same sign as the magnetic helicity. We systematically apply our procedure to a set of bipolar ARs that were observed emerging in line-of-sight magnetograms over eight years. For most of the cases studied, the tongues only have a small influence on the AR tilt angle since tongues have a much lower magnetic flux than the more concentrated main polarities. From the observed evolution of tau, corrected for the temporal evolution of the tilt angle and its final value when the AR is fully emerged, we estimate the average number of turns in the subphotospherically emerging flux-rope. These values for the 41 observed ARs are below unity, except for one. This indicates that subphotospheric flux-ropes typically have a low amount of twist, i.e. highly twisted flux-tubes are rare. Our results demonstrate that the evolution of the PIL is a robust indicator of the presence of tongues and constrains the amount of twist in emerging flux-tubes.

Authors: Mariano Poisson, Cristina H. Mandrini, Pascal Démoulin, Marcelo López Fuentes
Projects: None

Publication Status: Published
Last Modified: 2015-08-06 08:46
Go to main E-Print page  Edit Entry  Download Preprint  Delete Entry 


Key
Go to main E-Print pageGo to main E-Print page.
Download PreprintDownload Preprint.
Submitter's HomepageSubmitters Homepage.
Edit EntryEdit Entry.
Delete AbstractDelete abstract.

Abstracts by Author
Active-Region Tilt Angles from White-Light Images and Magnetograms: The Role of Magnetic Tongues
Correcting the effect of magnetic tongues on the tilt angle of bipolar active regions
Evidence of Twisted flux-tube Emergence in Active Regions

Related Pages
MSU Solar Physics.
Max Millennium Science Mail Archive.
Max Millennium Message of the Day Mail Archive.
Max Millennium Flare Catalog

Archive Maintainer
Alisdair Davey



© 2000-2020 Solar Physics Group - Montana State University