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Observations of a Series of Flares and Associated Jet-like Eruptions Driven by the Emergence of Twisted Magnetic Fields  

Eun-Kyung Lim   Submitted: 2015-12-09 23:18

We studied temporal changes of morphological and magnetic properties of a succession of four confined flares followed by an eruptive flare using the high-resolution New Solar Telescope (NST) operating at the Big Bear Solar Observatory (BBSO), Helioseismic and Magnetic Imager (HMI) magnetograms and Atmospheric Image Assembly (AIA) EUV images provided by Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO). From the NST/Hα and the SDO/AIA~304 Å observations we found that each flare developed a jet structure that evolved in a manner similar to evolution of the blowout jet : 1) an inverted-Y shape jet appeared and drifted away from its initial position; 2) jets formed a curtain-like structure that consisted of many fine threads accompanied with subsequent brightenings near the footpoints of the fine threads; and finally 3) the jet showed a twisted structure visible near the flare maximum. Analysis of the HMI data showed that both the negative magnetic flux and the magnetic helicity have been gradually increasing in the positive polarity region indicating the continuous injection of magnetic twist before and during the series of flares. Based on these results, we suggest that the continuous emergence of twisted magnetic flux played an important role in producing a successive flares and developing a series of blowout jets.

Authors: Eun-Kyung Lim, Vasyl Yurchyshyn, Sung-Hong Park, Sujin Kim, Kyung-Suk Cho, Pankaj Kumar, Jongchul Chae, Heesu Yang, Kyuhyoun Cho, Donguk Song, and Yeon-Han Kim
Projects: None

Publication Status: accepted for publication in ApJ
Last Modified: 2015-12-11 12:05
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Observations of a Series of Flares and Associated Jet-like Eruptions Driven by the Emergence of Twisted Magnetic Fields

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