We present a study on the evolution of the small scale velocity field in a solar filament as it approaches to the eruption. The observation was carried out by the Solar Dynamics Doppler Imager (SDDI) that was newly installed on the Solar Magnetic Activity Research Telescope (SMART) at Hida Observatory. The SDDI obtains a narrow-band full disk image of the sun at 73 channels from Hα - 9.0 Å to Hα + 9.0 Å, allowing us to study the line-of-sight (LOS) velocity of the filament before and during the eruption. The observed filament is a quiescent filament that erupted on 2016 November 5. We derived the LOS velocity at each pixel in the filament using the Becker's cloud model, and made the histograms of the LOS velocity at each time. The standard deviation of the LOS velocity distribution can be regarded as a measure for the amplitude of the small scale motion in the filament. We found that the standard deviation on the previous day of the eruption was mostly constant around 2-3 km s-1, and it slightly increased to 3-4 km s-1 on the day of the eruption. It shows further increase with a rate of 1.1 m s-2 about three hours before eruption and again with a rate of 2.8 m s-2 about an hour before eruption. From this result we suggest the increase in the amplitude of the small scale motions in a filament can be regarded as a precursor of the eruption.
Authors: Daikichi Seki, Kenichi Otsuji, Hiroaki Isobe, Takako T. Ishii, Takahito Sakaue, Kumi Hirose
Publication Status: Accepted for publication in ApJL on May 25, 2017
Last Modified: 2017-05-31 13:50