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Statistical Properties of Ribbon Evolution and Reconnection Electric Fields in Eruptive and Confined Flares  

Juergen Hinterreiter   Submitted: 2018-02-16 03:38

A statistical study of the chromospheric ribbon evolution in Hα two-ribbon flares was performed. The data set consists of 50 confined (62%) and eruptive (38%) flares that occurred from June 2000 to June 2015. The flares were selected homogeneously over the Hα and Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite (GOES) classes, with an emphasis on including powerful confined flares and weak eruptive flares. Hα filtergrams from the Kanzelhöhe Observatory in combination with Michelson Doppler Imager (MDI) and Helioseismic and Magnetic Imager (HMI) magnetograms were used to derive the ribbon separation, the ribbon-separation velocity, the magnetic-field strength, and the reconnection electric field. We find that eruptive flares reveal statistically larger ribbon separation and higher ribbon-separation velocities than confined flares. In addition, the ribbon separation of eruptive flares correlates with the GOES SXR flux, whereas no clear dependence was found for confined flares. The maximum ribbon-separation velocity is not correlated with the GOES flux, but eruptive flares reveal on average a higher ribbon-separation velocity (by ≈10 km s-1). The local reconnection electric field of confined (cc = 0.50 ± 0.02) and eruptive (cc = 0.77 ± 0.03) flares correlates with the GOES flux, indicating that more powerful flares involve stronger reconnection electric fields. In addition, eruptive flares with higher electric-field strengths tend to be accompanied by faster coronal mass ejections.

Authors: J. Hinterreiter, A.M. Veronig, J.K. Thalmann, J. Tschernitz, W. Pötzi
Projects: None

Publication Status: Accepted for publication in Solar Physics
Last Modified: 2018-02-16 10:28
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Statistical Properties of Ribbon Evolution and Reconnection Electric Fields in Eruptive and Confined Flares

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