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Chromospheric response during the precursor and the main phase of a B6.4 flare on August 20, 2005  

Arun Kumar Awasthi   Submitted: 2018-04-10 06:35

Solar flare precursors depict constrained rate of energy release contrasting the imminent rapid energy release which calls for different regime of plasma processes to be at play. Due to subtle emission during the precursor phase, its diagnostics remain delusive, revealing either the non-thermal electrons (NTEs) or the thermal conduction to be the driver. In this regard, we investigate the chromospheric response during various phases of a B6.4 flare on August 20, 2005. Spatio-temporal investigation of flare ribbon enhancement during the precursor phase, carried out using spectra-images recorded in several wavelength positions on the Hα line profile, revealed its delayed response (180 seconds) compared to the X-ray emission, as well as sequential increment in the width of the line-profile which are indicative of a slow heating process. However, energy contained in the Hα emission during the precursor phase reach as high as 80% of that estimated during the main phase. Additionally, the plasma hydrodynamics during the precursor phase, as resulted from the application of a single-loop one-dimensional model, revealed the presence of power-law extension in the model generated X-ray spectra, with flux lower than the RHESSI background. Therefore, our multi-wavelength diagnostics and hydrodynamical modeling of the precursor emission indicates the role of a two-stage process. Firstly, reconnection triggered NTEs, although too small in flux to overcome the observational constraints, thermalize in the upper chromosphere. This leads to the generation of a slow conduction front which causes plasma heating during the precursor phase.

Authors: Awasthi, Arun Kumar; Rudawy, Pawel; Falewicz, Robert; Berlicki, Arkadiusz; Liu, Rui
Projects: GOES X-rays,MSDP Spectrograph (Wroclaw),SoHO-EIT,SoHO-MDI

Publication Status: Accepted for publication in the Astrophysical Journal
Last Modified: 2018-04-10 16:45
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Chromospheric response during the precursor and the main phase of a B6.4 flare on August 20, 2005

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