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Confined and ejective eruptions of kink-unstable flux ropes View all abstracts by submitter

Tibor Toeroek   Submitted: 2005-07-13 09:20

The ideal helical kink instability of a force-free coronal magnetic flux rope, anchored in the photosphere, is studied as a model for solar eruptions. Using the flux rope model of Titov and Démoulin (1999) as the initial condition in MHD simulations, both the development of helical shape and the rise profile of a confined (or failed) filament eruption (on 2002 May 27) are reproduced in excellent agreement with the observations. By modifying the model such that the magnetic field decreases more rapidly with height above the photosphere, a full (or ejective) eruption of the flux rope is obtained in excellent agreement with the developing helical shape and the exponential-to-linear rise profile of a fast coronal mass ejection (CME) (on 2001 May 15). This confirms that the helical kink instability of a twisted magnetic flux rope can be the mechanism of the initiation and the initial driver of solar eruptions. The agreement of the simulations with properties that are characteristic of many eruptions suggests that they are often triggered by the kink instability. The decrease of the overlying field with height is a main factor in deciding whether the instability leads to a confined event or to a CME.

Authors: Tibor Toeroek and Bernhard Kliem
Projects: None

Publication Status: ApJL (submitted)
Last Modified: 2005-07-13 09:20
Go to main E-Print page  Three Criteria to Discriminate Between Elementary and Composite Coronal Loops  Strong mean field dynamos require supercritical helicity fluxes  Edit Entry  Download Preprint  Submitter's Homepage Delete Entry 

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