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Microflares and Hot Component in Solar Active Regions View all abstracts by submitter

Arnold Benz   Submitted: 2002-09-30 01:56

Open-shutter RHESSI observations of 3-15 keV X-rays are found to exhibit active region transient brightenings and microflares at a rate of at least 10 per hour occurring even during the periods of lowest solar activity so far in the mission. A thermal component fitted by temperatures of 6-14 MK dominates from 3 keV to about 9 keV, but can be traced up to 14 keV in some cases, and has an average duration of 131+-103 seconds at 7-8 keV. The duration increases with decreasing photon energy. The peak count rate defined by cross-correlation is delayed at low energies. The temperature peaks early in the event and then decreases, whereas the emission measure increases throughout the event. The properties are consistent with thermal conduction dominating the evolution. In some of the bigger events, a second component was found in the 11-14 keV range extending down to 8 keV in some cases. The duration is typically 3 times shorter and ends near the peak time of the thermal component consistent with the Neupert effect of regular flares. Therefore the second component is suggested to be of non-thermal origin, presumably causing the beam-driven evaporation of the first component. The two components can be separated and analyzed in detail for the first time. Low-keV measurements allow a reliable estimate of the energy input by microflares necessary to assess their relevance for coronal heating. See also CD-ROM material at http://www.astro.phys.ethz.ch/papers/benz/RHESSImicroflares/BenzGrigis.htm

Authors: Benz,A.O. and Grigis, P.C.
Projects: RHESSI

Publication Status: Solar Phys. 210, 431 - 444 (2002)
Last Modified: 2005-11-17 01:38
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