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Independent Signals from the Influence of Internal Magnetic Layers on the Frequencies of Solar P-modes View all abstracts by submitter

Claire Foullon   Submitted: 2010-03-15 14:13

The discovery that p-mode frequencies of low degree do not follow changes of solar surface activity during the recent solar minimum offers the possibility of a new diagnostic signature of the responsible pressure perturbation in the wave guiding medium, potentially rich of information regarding the structure of the Sun and the cause of the unusually long solar minimum. Magnetic fields, as well as temperature changes, introduce equilibrium pressure deviations that modify the resonant frequencies of p-mode oscillations. Assuming the perturbation to be caused by a horizontal layer of magnetic field located in a plane-stratified model of the Sun, we compile analytical frequency shifts and process them to allow direct comparison with observations. The effect of magnetism itself on the central p-mode frequencies can be neglected in comparison with the thermal effect of a perturbative layer buried in the solar interior. A parametric study shows that a layer as thin as 2100 km at subsurface depths is able to reproduce reported mean anomalous frequency shifts (not correlated to the surface activity), while a layer of size around 4200 km increasing by a small amount at depths near 0.08R⊙ can explain individual low-degree shifts. It is also possible to obtain the mean shifts via the upward motion through depths near 0.03R⊙ of a rising perturbative layer of thickness around 7000 km. Hence the anomalous frequency shifts are best explained by thermal effects in the upper regions of the convection zone. The effects of latitudinal distribution are not treated here.

Authors: C. Foullon and V.M. Nakariakov
Projects: None

Publication Status: ApJ Letter (in press)
Last Modified: 2010-03-16 08:28
Go to main E-Print page  Two-step Emergence of the Magnetic Flux Sheet from the Solar Convection Zone  Soft X-ray coronal spectra at low activity levels observed by RESIK  Edit Entry  Download Preprint  Submitter's Homepage Delete Entry 

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