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First SDO AIA Observations of a Global Coronal EUV ''Wave'': Multiple Components and ''Ripples'' View all abstracts by submitter

Wei Liu   Submitted: 2010-11-03 03:42

We present the first Solar Dynamics Observatory Atmospheric Imaging Assembly (AIA) observations of a global coronal EUV disturbance (so-called ''EIT wave'') revealed in unprecedented detail. The disturbance observed on 2010 April 8 exhibits two components: one diffuse pulse superimposed, on which are multiple sharp fronts that have slow and fast components. The disturbance originates in front of erupting coronal loops and some sharp fronts undergo accelerations, both effects implying that the disturbance is driven by a coronal mass ejection. The diffuse pulse, propagating at a uniform velocity of 204-238 km s-1 with very little angular dependence within its extent in the south, maintains its coherence and stable profile for ~30 minutes. Its arrival at increasing distances coincides with the onsets of loop expansions and the slow sharp front. The fast sharp front overtakes the slow front, producing multiple ''ripples'' and steepening the local pulse, and both fronts propagate independently afterward. This behavior resembles the nature of real waves. Unexpectedly, the amplitude and FWHM of the diffuse pulse decrease linearly with distance. A hybrid model, combining both wave and non-wave components, can explain many, but not all, of the observations. Discoveries of the two-component fronts and multiple ripples were made possible for the first time thanks to AIA's high cadences (<=20 s) and high signal-to-noise ratio.

Authors: Liu, Wei; Nitta, Nariaki V.; Schrijver, Carolus J.; Title, Alan M.; and Tarbell, Theodore D.
Projects: None

Publication Status: Published in ApJ Letters, 11/01/2010, Volume 723, Issue 1, pp. L53-L59
Last Modified: 2010-11-03 08:53
Go to main E-Print page  The Solar Source of a Magnetic Cloud Using a Velocity Difference Technique  Vector Magnetic Fields and Current Helicities in Coronal Holes and Quiet Regions  Edit Entry  Download Preprint  Submitter's Homepage Delete Entry 

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