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Chromospheric Jet and Growing ''Loop'' Observed by Hinode: New Evidence of Fan-Spine Magnetic Topology Resulting From Flux Emergence View all abstracts by submitter

Wei Liu   Submitted: 2010-12-08 11:25

We present observations of a chromospheric jet and growing ''loop'' system that show new evidence of a fan-spine topology resulting from magnetic flux emergence. This event, occurring in an equatorial coronal hole on 2007 February 9, was observed by the Hinode Solar Optical Telescope in the Ca II H line in unprecedented detail. The predecessor of the jet is a bundle of fine material threads that extend above the chromosphere and appear to rotate about the bundle axis at ~50 km s-1 (period <200 s). These rotations or transverse oscillations propagate upward at velocities up to 786 km s-1. The bundle first slowly and then rapidly swings up, with the transition occurring at the onset of an A4.9 flare. A loop expands simultaneously in these two phases (velocity: 16-135 km s-1). Near the peak of the flare, the loop appears to rupture; simultaneous upward ejecta and mass downflows faster than free-fall appear in one of the loop legs. The material bundle then swings back in a whiplike manner and develops into a collimated jet, which is orientated along the inferred open field lines with transverse oscillations continuing at slower rates. Some material falls back along smooth streamlines, showing no more oscillations. At low altitudes, the streamlines bifurcate at presumably a magnetic null point and bypass an inferred dome, depicting an inverted-Y geometry. These streamlines closely match in space the late Ca II H loop and X-ray flare loop. These observations are consistent with the model that flux emergence in an open-field region leads to magnetic reconnection, forming a jet and fan-spine topology. We propose that the material bundle and collimated jet represent the outer spine in quasi-static and eruptive stages, respectively, and the growing loop is a 2D projection of the 3D fan surface.

Authors: Liu, Wei; Berger, Thomas E.; Title, Alan M.; Tarbell, Theodore D; and Low, B. C.
Projects: Hinode/SOT

Publication Status: Accepted by ApJ, 2010 Dec 8; movie available at http://www.lmsal.com/~weiliu/public/hinode/2007-02-09_sot-jet (360 MB)
Last Modified: 2010-12-10 10:16
Go to main E-Print page  Dynamics of the flaring loop system of 2005 August 22 observed in microwaves and hard X-rays   RECONNECTION AND ENERGETICS IN TWO-RIBBON FLARES: A REVISIT OF THE BASTILLE-DAY FLARE   Edit Entry  Download Preprint  Submitter's Homepage Delete Entry 

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