E-Print Archive

There are 4293 abstracts currently viewable.


Advanced Search
Main Page Add New E-Print Submitter
News Help/FAQ About Preferences
Manage Key Phrase
* News 04/04/20 * The archive is using a new backend database. This has thrown up a few SQL errors in the last few days. If you have any issues please email adavey@nso.edu with either the number of eprint you are trying to edit or a link to your preprint.

The Thermal Instability of Solar Prominence Threads View all abstracts by submitter

Roberto Soler   Submitted: 2011-02-14 05:18

The fine structure of solar prominences and filaments appears as thin and long threads in high-resolution images. In Hα observations of filaments, some threads can be observed for only 5 - 20 minutes before they seem to fade and eventually disappear, suggesting that these threads may have very short lifetimes. The presence of an instability might be the cause of this quick disappearance. Here, we study the thermal instability of prominence threads as an explanation of their sudden disappearance from Hα observations. We model a prominence thread as a magnetic tube with prominence conditions embedded in a coronal environment. We assume a variation of the physical properties in the transverse direction, so that the temperature and density continuously change from internal to external values in an inhomogeneous transitional layer representing the particular prominence-corona transition region (PCTR) of the thread. We use the nonadiabatic and resistive magnetohydrodynamic equations, which include terms due to thermal conduction parallel and perpendicular to the magnetic field, radiative losses, heating, and magnetic diffusion. We combine both analytical and numerical methods to study linear perturbations from the equilibrium state, focusing on unstable thermal solutions. We find that thermal modes are unstable in the PCTR for temperatures higher than 80,000 K, approximately. These modes are related to temperature disturbances that can lead to changes in the equilibrium due to rapid plasma heating or cooling. For typical prominence parameters, the instability time scale is of the order of a few minutes and is independent of the form of the temperature profile within the PCTR of the thread. This result indicates that thermal instability may play an important role for the short lifetimes of threads in the observations.

Authors: R. Soler, J. L. Ballester, M. Goossens
Projects: None

Publication Status: Accepted for publication in ApJ
Last Modified: 2011-02-14 08:43
Go to main E-Print page  AIA Multithermal Loop Analysis: First Results  Characteristics of the flare acceleration region derived from simultaneous hard X-ray and radio observations  Edit Entry  Download Preprint  Submitter's Homepage Delete Entry 

Go to main E-Print pageGo to main E-Print page.
Previous AbstractPrevious Abstract.
Next AbstractNext Abstract.
Download PreprintDownload Preprint.
Submitter's HomepageSubmitters Homepage.
Edit EntryEdit Entry.
View All Abstracts By SubmitterView all abstracts by submitter.
Delete AbstractDelete abstract.

Latest Entries
Non-Neutralized Electric Current of Active Regions Explained as a Projection Effect
The effect of magnetic field on the damping of slow waves in the solar corona
Soft X-Ray Observations of Quiescent Solar Active Regions using Novel Dual-zone Aperture X-ray Solar Spectrometer (DAXSS)
Proper Orthogonal and Dynamic Mode Decomposition of Sunspot Data.
Statistical Properties of Superflares on Solar-type Stars: Results Using All of the Kepler Primary Mission Data
Turbulent viscosity and effective magnetic Prandtl number from simulations of isotropically forced turbulence
Time and Charge-Sign Dependence of the Heliospheric Modulation of Cosmic Rays
Bayesian Analysis of Quasi-periodic Pulsations in Stellar Flares
Cause and Kinematics of a Jetlike CME
The role of small-scale surface motions in the transfer of twist to a solar jet from a remote stable flux rope
Sub-second time evolution of Type III solar radio burst sources at fundamental and harmonic frequencies
Magnetically coupled atmosphere, fast sausage MHD waves, and forced magnetic field reconnection during the SOL2014-09-10T17:45 flare
Differential rotation of the solar corona: A new data-adaptive multiwavelength approach
Magnetic Helicity Flux across Solar Active Region Photospheres: I. Hemispheric Sign Preference in Solar Cycle 24
Seismological constraints on the solar coronal heating function
The Coronal Global Evolutionary Model: Using HMI Vector Magnetogram and Doppler Data to Determine Coronal Magnetic Field Evolution
Radio and X-ray Observations of Short-lived Episodes of Electron Acceleration in a Solar Microflare
Research progress based on observations of the New Vacuum Solar Telescope
Dynamics evolution of a solar active-region filament from quasi-static state to eruption: rolling motion, untwisting motion, material transfer, and chirality
Microwave Study of a Solar Circular Ribbon Flare

Related Pages
MSU Solar Physics.
Max Millennium Science Mail Archive.
Max Millennium Message of the Day Mail Archive.
Max Millennium Flare Catalog

Archive Maintainer
Alisdair Davey

© 2000-2020 Solar Physics Group - Montana State University