E-Print Archive

There are 4507 abstracts currently viewable.


Advanced Search
Main Page Add New E-Print Submitter
News Help/FAQ About Preferences
Manage Key Phrase
Rapid Transition of Uncombed Penumbrae to Faculae during Large Flares View all abstracts by submitter

Haimin Wang   Submitted: 2012-03-13 09:20

In the past two decades, the complex nature of sunspots has been disclosed with high-resolution observations. One of the most important findings is the ''uncombed'' penumbral structure, where a more horizontal magnetic component carrying most of Evershed Flows is embedded in a more vertical magnetic background (Solanki & Montavon 1993). The penumbral bright grains are locations of hot upflows and dark fibrils are locations of horizontal flows that are guided by nearly horizontal magnetic field. On the other hand, it was found that flares may change the topology of sunspots in delta configuration: the structure at the flaring polarity inversion line becomes darkened while sections of peripheral penumbrae may disappear quickly and permanently associated with flares (Liu et al. 2005). The high spatial and temporal resolution observations obtained with Hinode/ SOT provide an excellent opportunity to study the evolution of penumbral fine structure associated with major flares. Taking advantage of two near-limb events, we found that in sections of peripheral penumbrae swept by flare ribbons, the dark fibrils completely disappear, while the bright grains evolve into faculae that are signatures of vertical magnetic flux tubes. The corresponding magnetic fluxes measured in the decaying penumbrae show stepwise changes temporally correlated with the flares. These observations suggest that the horizontal magnetic field component of the penumbra could be straightened upward (i.e., turning from horizontal to vertical) due to magnetic field restructuring associated with flares, which results in the transition of penumbrae to faculae.

Authors: Haimin Wang, Na Deng, Chang Liu
Projects: GONG,Hinode/SOT,SoHO-MDI

Publication Status: Published in ApJ 2012, 748, 76
Last Modified: 2012-03-13 13:19
Go to main E-Print page  A multiwavelength study of an M-class flare and the origin of an associated eruption from NOAA AR 11045  Helioseismic Detection of Emerging Magnetic Flux  Edit Entry  Download Preprint  Submitter's Homepage Delete Entry 

Go to main E-Print pageGo to main E-Print page.
Previous AbstractPrevious Abstract.
Next AbstractNext Abstract.
Download PreprintDownload Preprint.
Submitter's HomepageSubmitters Homepage.
Edit EntryEdit Entry.
View All Abstracts By SubmitterView all abstracts by submitter.
Delete AbstractDelete abstract.

Latest Entries
The role and contribution of magnetic fields, characterized via their magnetic flux, to the statistical structuring of the solar atmosphere
Do periods of decayless kink oscillations of solar coronal loops depend on noise?
Automatic detection technique for solar filament oscillations in GONG data
Probing the Density Fine Structuring of the Solar Corona with Comet Lovejoy
Confined plasma transition from the solar atmosphere to the interplanetary medium
Extracting the Heliographic Coordinates of Coronal Rays using Images from WISPR/Parker Solar Probe
Two-spacecraft detection of short-period decayless kink oscillations of solar coronal loops
Genesis and Coronal-jet-generating Eruption of a Solar Minifilament Captured by IRIS Slit-raster Spectra
First detection of transverse vertical oscillation during the expansion of coronal loops
A New Position Calibration Method for MUSER Images
Sigmoid Formation Through Slippage of A Single J-shaped Coronal Loop
MHD Simulation of Homologous Eruptions from Solar Active Region 10930 Caused by Sunspot Rotation
Dropouts of Fully Stripped Ions in the Solar Wind: A Diagnostic for Wave Heating versus Reconnection
Plasma heating and nanoflare caused by slow-mode wave in a coronal loop
The Lyman-α Emission in a C1.4 Solar Flare Observed by the Extreme Ultraviolet Imager aboard Solar Orbiter
Imaging and Spectroscopic Observations of the Dynamic Processes in Limb Solar Flares
Evolution of the critical torus instability height and CME likelihood in solar active regions
A Magnetogram-matching Method for Energizing Magnetic Flux Ropes Toward Eruption
A 2D Model for Coronal Bright Points: Association with Spicules, UV bursts, Surges and EUV Coronal Jets
The relativistic solar particle event on 28 October 2021: Evidence of particle acceleration within and escape from the solar corona

Related Pages
MSU Solar Physics.
Max Millennium Science Mail Archive.
Max Millennium Message of the Day Mail Archive.
Max Millennium Flare Catalog

Archive Maintainer
Alisdair Davey

© 2000-2020 Solar Physics Group - Montana State University