E-Print Archive

There are 4021 abstracts currently viewable.


Search:

Advanced Search
Options
Main Page Add New E-Print Submitter
Information
Feedback
News Help/FAQ About Preferences
Manage Key Phrase
Notification
How Many CMEs Have Flux Ropes? Deciphering the Signatures of Shocks, Flux Ropes, and Prominences in Coronagraph Observations of CMEs View all abstracts by submitter

Angelos Vourlidas   Submitted: 2012-07-05 15:46

We intend to provide a comprehensive answer to the question on whether all Coronal Mass Ejections (CMEs) have flux rope structure. To achieve this, we present a synthesis of the LASCO CME observations over the last sixteen years, assisted by 3D MHD simulations of the breakout model, EUV and coronagraphic observations from extsl{STEREO} and extsl{SDO}, and statistics from a revised LASCO CME database. We argue that the bright loop often seen as the CME leading edge is the result of pileup at the boundary of the erupting flux rope irrespective of whether a cavity or, more generally, a 3-part CME can be identified. Based on our previous work on white light shock detection and supported by the MHD simulations, we identify a new type of morphology, the `two-front' morphology. It consists of a faint front followed by diffuse emission and the bright loop-like CME leading edge. We show that the faint front is caused by density compression at a wave (or possibly shock) front driven by the CME. We also present high-detailed multi-wavelength EUV observations that clarify the relative positioning of the prominence at the bottom of a coronal cavity with clear flux rope structure. Finally, we visually check the full LASCO CME database for flux rope structures. In the process, we classify the events into two clear flux rope classes (`3-part', `Loop'), jets and outflows (no clear structure). We find that at least 40% of the observed CMEs have clear flux rope structures and that sim29% of the database entries are either misidentifications or inadequately measured and should be discarded from statistical analyses. We propose a new definition for flux rope CMEs (FR-CMEs) as a coherent magnetic, twist-carrying coronal structure with angular width of at least 40circ and able to reach beyond 10 Rodot which erupts on a time scale of a few minutes to several hours We conclude that flux ropes are a common occurrence in CMEs and pose a challenge for future studies to identify CMEs that are clearly extsl{not/} FR-CMEs.

Authors: A. Vourlidas, B.J. Lynch, R.A. Howard, Y. Li
Projects: SoHO-LASCO,STEREO

Publication Status: to be published in Solar Physics
Last Modified: 2012-07-07 14:50
Go to main E-Print page  EUV Spectroscopic Observation of Direct Coronal Heating During a C-class Solar Flare  Time-Dependent Density Diagnostics of Solar Flare Plasmas Using SDO/EVE  Edit Entry  Download Preprint  Delete Entry 

Key
Go to main E-Print pageGo to main E-Print page.
Previous AbstractPrevious Abstract.
Next AbstractNext Abstract.
Download PreprintDownload Preprint.
Submitter's HomepageSubmitters Homepage.
Edit EntryEdit Entry.
View All Abstracts By SubmitterView all abstracts by submitter.
Delete AbstractDelete abstract.

Latest Entries
Three-dimensional reconstruction of CME-driven shock-streamer interaction from radio observations: a different take on the diagnostics of coronal magnetic fields
The soft X-ray spectrometer polarimeter SolpeX
Variable emission mechanism of a Type IV radio burst
Inference of magnetic field strength and density from damped transverse coronal waves
Frequency-Distance Structure of Solar Radio Sources Observed by LOFAR
The birth of a coronal mass ejection
Properties of slow magnetoacoustic oscillations of solar coronal loops by multi-instrumental observations
Persistent Quasi-Periodic Pulsations During a Large X-Class Solar Flare
Magnetic helicity and fluxes in an inhomogeneous α squared dynamo
Properties of the Diffuse Emission around Warm Loops in Solar Active Regions
Comparative Study of Microwave Polar Brightening, Coronal Holes, and Solar Wind Over the Solar Poles
3He-rich Solar Energetic Particles from Sunspot Jets
Relative magnetic field line helicity
Forbush decreases and Geomagnetic Storms during a Highly Disturbed Solar and Interplanetary Period, 4‐10 September 2017
Helical Twisting Number and Braiding Linkage Number of Solar Coronal Loops
Small-scale motions in solar filaments as the precursors of eruptions
Modeling of Heliospheric Modulation of Cosmic-Ray Positrons in a Very Quiet Heliosphere
Interpreting magnetic helicity flux in solar flux emergence
Transient Inverse-FIP Plasma Composition Evolution within a Confined Solar Flare
The Role of a Tiny Brightening in a Huge Geo-effective Solar Eruption Leading to the St Patrick's Day Storm

Related Pages
MSU Solar Physics.
Max Millennium Science Mail Archive.
Max Millennium Message of the Day Mail Archive.
Max Millennium Flare Catalog

Archive Maintainer
Alisdair Davey



© 2003 Solar Physics Group - Montana State University