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Magnetic topology of Active Regions and Coronal Holes: Implications for Coronal Outflows and the Solar Wind View all abstracts by submitter

Pascal Demoulin   Submitted: 2012-07-20 10:23

During 2 ? 18 January 2008 a pair of low-latitude opposite-polarity coronal holes (CHs) were observed on the Sun with two active regions (ARs) and the heliospheric plasma sheet located between them. We use the Hinode/EUV Imaging Spectrometer (EIS) to locate AR-related outflows and measure their velocities. Solar-Terrestrial Relations Observatory (STEREO) imaging is also employed as are the Advanced Composition Explorer (ACE) in-situ observations, to assess the resulting impacts on the interplanetary solar wind (SW) properties. Magnetic field extrapolations of the two ARs confirm that AR plasma outflows observed with EIS are co-spatial with quasi-separatrix layer locations, including the separatrix of a null point. Global potential field source-surface modeling indicates that field lines in the vicinity of the null point extend up to the source surface, enabling a part of the EIS plasma upflows access to the SW. We find that similar upflow properties are also observed within closed-field regions that do not reach the source surface. We conclude that some of plasma upflows observed with EIS remain confined along closed coronal loops, but that a fraction of the plasma may be released in the slow SW. This suggests that ARs bordering coronal holes can contribute to the slow SW. Analyzing the in-situ data, we propose that the type of slow SW present depends on whether the AR is fully or partially enclosed by an overlying streamer.

Authors: L. van Driel-Gesztelyi, J. L. Culhane, D. Baker, P. Démoulin, C.H. Mandrini, M.L. DeRosa, A. P. Rouillard, A. Opitz, G. Stenborg, A. Vourlidas, D. H. Brooks
Projects: Hinode/EIS

Publication Status: Solar Physics (in press)
Last Modified: 2012-07-20 11:37
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