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Extrapolation of the Solar Coronal Magnetic Field from SDO/HMI Magnetogram by a CESE-MHD-NLFFF Code View all abstracts by submitter

Chaowei Jiang   Submitted: 2013-06-06 23:56

Due to the absence of direct measurement, the magnetic field in the solar corona is usually extrapolated from the photosphere in numerical way. At the moment, the nonlinear force-free field (NLFFF) model dominates the physical models for field extrapolation in the low corona. Recently we have developed a new NLFFF model with MHD relaxation to reconstruct the coronal magnetic field. This method is based on CESE-MHD model with the conservation-element/solution-element (CESE) spacetime scheme. In this paper, we report the application of the CESE-MHD-NLFFF code to SDO/HMI data with magnetograms sampled for two active regions (ARs), NOAA AR 11158 and 11283, both of which were very non-potential, producing X-class flares and eruptions. The raw magnetograms are preprocessed to remove the force and then inputted into the extrapolation code. Qualitative comparison of the results with the SDO/AIA images shows that our code can reconstruct magnetic field lines resembling the EUV-observed coronal loops. Most important structures of the active regions are reproduced excellently, like the highly-sheared field lines that suspend filaments in AR 11158 and twisted flux rope which corresponds to a sigmoid in AR 11283. Quantitative assess of the results shows that the force-free constraint is fulfilled very well in the strong-field regions but apparently not that well in the weak-field regions because of data noise and numerical errors in the small currents.

Authors: Chaowei Jiang, Xueshang Feng

Publication Status: ApJ, 2013, 769, 144
Last Modified: 2013-06-07 21:16
Go to main E-Print page  Preprocess the Photospheric Vector Magnetograms for NLFFF Extrapolation using a Potential Field Model and an Optimization Method  3-D nonlinear force-free field reconstruction of solar active region 11158 by direct boundary integral equation  Edit Entry  Download Preprint  Submitter's Homepage Delete Entry 

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