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Twisting solar coronal jet launched at the boundary of an active region View all abstracts by submitter

Guillaume Aulanier   Submitted: 2013-09-20 02:41

A broad jet was observed in a weak magnetic field area at the edge of active region NOAA 11106 that also produced other nearby recurring and narrow jets. The peculiar shape and magnetic environment of the broad jet raised the question of whether it was created by the same physical processes of previously studied jets with reconnection occurring high in the corona. We carried out a multi-wavelength analysis using the EUV images from the Atmospheric Imaging Assembly (AIA) and magnetic fields from the Helioseismic and Magnetic Imager (HMI) both on-board the SDO satellite, which we coupled to a high-resolution, nonlinear force-free field extrapolation. Local correlation tracking was used to identify the photospheric motions that triggered the jet, and time-slices were extracted along and across the jet to unveil its complex nature. A topological analysis of the extrapolated field was performed and was related to the observed features. The jet consisted of many di fferent threads that expanded in around 10 minutes to about 100 Mm in length, with the bright features in later threads moving faster than in the early ones, reaching a maximum speed of about 200 km s-1. Time-slice analysis revealed a striped pattern of dark and bright strands propagating along the jet, along with apparent damped oscillations across the jet. This is suggestive of a (un)twisting motion in the jet, possibly an Alfvén wave. Bald patches in field lines, low-altitude flux ropes, diverging flow patterns, and a null point were identified at the basis of the jet. Unlike classical  or Ei ffel-tower shaped jets that appear to be caused by reconnection in current sheets containing null points, reconnection in regions containing bald patches seems to be crucial in triggering the present jet. There is no observational evidence that the flux ropes detected in the topological analysis were actually being ejected themselves, as occurs in the violent phase of blowout jets; instead, the jet itself may have gained the twist of the flux rope(s) through reconnection. This event may represent a class of jets diff erent from the classical quiescent or blowout jets, but to reach that conclusion, more observational and theoretical work is necessary.

Authors: Schmieder B., Guo Y., Moreno-Insertis F., Aulanier G., Yelles Chaouche L., Nishizuka N., Harra L.K., Thalmann J.K., Vargas Dominguez S., Liu Y.

Publication Status: A&A, in press
Last Modified: 2013-09-22 08:03
Go to main E-Print page  Study on Triggering Process of Solar Flares Based on Hinode/SOT Observations  The behavior of transverse waves in nonuniform solar flux tubes. I. Comparison of ideal and resistive results  Edit Entry  Download Preprint  Submitter's Homepage Delete Entry 

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