E-Print Archive

There are 4290 abstracts currently viewable.


Advanced Search
Main Page Add New E-Print Submitter
News Help/FAQ About Preferences
Manage Key Phrase
* News 04/04/20 * The archive is using a new backend database. This has thrown up a few SQL errors in the last few days. If you have any issues please email adavey@nso.edu with either the number of eprint you are trying to edit or a link to your preprint.

Self-consistent Coronal Heating and Solar Wind Acceleration from Anisotropic Magnetohydrodynamic Turbulence View all abstracts by submitter

Steven R Cranmer   Submitted: 2007-03-13 14:09

We present a series of models for the plasma properties along open magnetic flux tubes rooted in solar coronal holes, streamers, and active regions. These models represent the first self-consistent solutions that combine: (1) chromospheric heating driven by an empirically guided acoustic wave spectrum, (2) coronal heating from Alfvén waves that have been partially reflected, then damped by anisotropic turbulent cascade, and (3) solar wind acceleration from gradients of gas pressure, acoustic wave pressure, and Alfvén wave pressure. The only input parameters are the photospheric lower boundary conditions for the waves and the radial dependence of the background magnetic field along the flux tube. We have not included multifluid or collisionless effects (e.g., preferential ion heating) which are not yet fully understood. For a single choice for the photospheric wave properties, our models produce a realistic range of slow and fast solar wind conditions by varying only the coronal magnetic field. Specifically, a two-dimensional model of coronal holes and streamers at solar minimum reproduces the latitudinal bifurcation of slow and fast streams seen by Ulysses. The radial gradient of the Alfvén speed affects where the waves are reflected and damped, and thus whether energy is deposited below or above the Parker critical point. As predicted by earlier studies, a larger coronal ``expansion factor'' gives rise to a slower and denser wind, higher temperature at the coronal base, less intense Alfvén waves at 1 AU, and correlative trends for commonly measured ratios of ion charge states and FIP-sensitive abundances that are in general agreement with observations. These models offer supporting evidence for the idea that coronal heating and solar wind acceleration (in open magnetic flux tubes) can occur as a result of wave dissipation and turbulent cascade.

Authors: Steven R. Cranmer, Adriaan A. van Ballegooijen, and Richard J. Edgar
Projects: None

Publication Status: ApJ Supplement, in press (v. 171, August 2007), astro-ph/0703333
Last Modified: 2007-03-14 10:56
Go to main E-Print page  Time delay between gamma ray lines and hard X-ray emissions during the 23 July 2002 interpreted by a trap plus precipitation model  Multi-Spacecraft Study of the 21 January 2005 ICME: Evidence of Current Sheet Substructure Near the Periphery of a Strongly Expanding, Fast Magnetic Cloud  Edit Entry  Download Preprint  Submitter's Homepage Delete Entry 

Go to main E-Print pageGo to main E-Print page.
Previous AbstractPrevious Abstract.
Next AbstractNext Abstract.
Download PreprintDownload Preprint.
Submitter's HomepageSubmitters Homepage.
Edit EntryEdit Entry.
View All Abstracts By SubmitterView all abstracts by submitter.
Delete AbstractDelete abstract.

Latest Entries
Proper Orthogonal and Dynamic Mode Decomposition of Sunspot Data.
Statistical Properties of Superflares on Solar-type Stars: Results Using All of the Kepler Primary Mission Data
Turbulent viscosity and effective magnetic Prandtl number from simulations of isotropically forced turbulence
Time and Charge-Sign Dependence of the Heliospheric Modulation of Cosmic Rays
Bayesian Analysis of Quasi-periodic Pulsations in Stellar Flares
Cause and Kinematics of a Jetlike CME
The role of small-scale surface motions in the transfer of twist to a solar jet from a remote stable flux rope
Sub-second time evolution of Type III solar radio burst sources at fundamental and harmonic frequencies
Magnetically coupled atmosphere, fast sausage MHD waves, and forced magnetic field reconnection during the SOL2014-09-10T17:45 flare
Differential rotation of the solar corona: A new data-adaptive multiwavelength approach
Magnetic Helicity Flux across Solar Active Region Photospheres: I. Hemispheric Sign Preference in Solar Cycle 24
Seismological constraints on the solar coronal heating function
The Coronal Global Evolutionary Model: Using HMI Vector Magnetogram and Doppler Data to Determine Coronal Magnetic Field Evolution
Radio and X-ray Observations of Short-lived Episodes of Electron Acceleration in a Solar Microflare
Research progress based on observations of the New Vacuum Solar Telescope
Dynamics evolution of a solar active-region filament from quasi-static state to eruption: rolling motion, untwisting motion, material transfer, and chirality
Microwave Study of a Solar Circular Ribbon Flare
Precise Formation-Flying Telescope in Target-Centric Orbit: the Solar Case
Propagation Effects in Quiet Sun Observations at Meter Wavelengths
Twin Null-Point-Associated Major Eruptive Three-Ribbon Flares with Unusual Microwave Spectra

Related Pages
MSU Solar Physics.
Max Millennium Science Mail Archive.
Max Millennium Message of the Day Mail Archive.
Max Millennium Flare Catalog

Archive Maintainer
Alisdair Davey

© 2000-2020 Solar Physics Group - Montana State University