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The Confined X-class Flares of Solar Active Region 2192 View all abstracts by submitter

Julia K. Thalmann   Submitted: 2015-02-19 01:04

The unusually large NOAA active region 2192, observed in October 2014, was outstanding in its productivity of major two-ribbon flares without coronal mass ejections. On a large scale, a predominantly north-south oriented magnetic system of arcade fields served as a strong, also lateral, confinement for a series of large two-ribbon flares originating from the core of the active region. The large initial separation of the flare ribbons, together with an almost absent growth in ribbon separation, suggests a confined reconnection site high up in the corona. Based on a detailed analysis of the confined X1.6 flare on October 22, we show how exceptional the flaring of this active region was. We provide evidence for repeated energy release, indicating that the same magnetic field structures were repeatedly involved in magnetic reconnection. We find that a large number of electrons was accelerated to non-thermal energies, revealing a steep power law spectrum, but that only a small fraction was accelerated to high energies. The total non-thermal energy in electrons derived (on the order of 1025 J) is considerably higher than that in eruptive flares of class X1, and corresponds to about 10% of the excess magnetic energy present in the active-region corona.

Authors: J. K. Thalmann, Y. Su, M. Temmer, A. M. Veronig
Projects: None

Publication Status: Accepted for publication in The Astrophysical Journal Letters
Last Modified: 2015-02-19 13:05
Go to main E-Print page  Global Energetics of Solar Flares: II. Thermal Energies    Magnetic field-line lengths inside interplanetary magnetic flux ropes  Edit Entry  Download Preprint  Delete Entry 

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