E-Print Archive

There are 4021 abstracts currently viewable.


Search:

Advanced Search
Options
Main Page Add New E-Print Submitter
Information
Feedback
News Help/FAQ About Preferences
Manage Key Phrase
Notification
Grand minima and maxima of solar activity: New observational constraints View all abstracts by submitter

Ilya Usoskin   Submitted: 2007-06-04 00:54

Using a reconstruction of sunspot numbers stretching over multiple millennia, we analyze the statistics of the occurrence of grand minima and maxima and set new observational constraints on long-term solar and stellar dynamo models. We present an updated reconstruction of sunspot number over multiple millennia, from 14C data by means of a physics-based model, using an updated model of the evolution of the solar open magnetic flux. A list of grand minima and maxima of solar activity is presented for the Holocene (since 9500 BC) and the statistics of both the length of individual events as well as the waiting time between them are analyzed. The occurrence of grand minima/maxima is driven not by long-term cyclic variability, but by a stochastic/chaotic process. The waiting time distribution of the occurrence of grand minima/maxima deviates from an exponential distribution, implying that these events tend to cluster together with long event-free periods between the clusters. Two different types of grand minima are observed: short (30-90 years) minima of Maunder type and long (>110 years) minima of Sp''orer type, implying that a deterministic behaviour of the dynamo during a grand minimum defines its length. The duration of grand maxima follows an exponential distribution, suggesting that the duration of a grand maximum is determined by a random process. These results set new observational constraints upon the long-term behaviour of the solar dynamo.

Authors: I.G. Usoskin, S.K. Solanki, G.A. Kovaltsov
Projects:

Publication Status: A&A accepted
Last Modified: 2007-06-04 23:59
Go to main E-Print page  Magnetic Stereoscopy of Coronal Loops in NOAA 8891   The bursty nature of solar flare X-ray emission  Edit Entry  Download Preprint  Submitter's Homepage Delete Entry 

Key
Go to main E-Print pageGo to main E-Print page.
Previous AbstractPrevious Abstract.
Next AbstractNext Abstract.
Download PreprintDownload Preprint.
Submitter's HomepageSubmitters Homepage.
Edit EntryEdit Entry.
View All Abstracts By SubmitterView all abstracts by submitter.
Delete AbstractDelete abstract.

Latest Entries
Three-dimensional reconstruction of CME-driven shock-streamer interaction from radio observations: a different take on the diagnostics of coronal magnetic fields
The soft X-ray spectrometer polarimeter SolpeX
Variable emission mechanism of a Type IV radio burst
Inference of magnetic field strength and density from damped transverse coronal waves
Frequency-Distance Structure of Solar Radio Sources Observed by LOFAR
The birth of a coronal mass ejection
Properties of slow magnetoacoustic oscillations of solar coronal loops by multi-instrumental observations
Persistent Quasi-Periodic Pulsations During a Large X-Class Solar Flare
Magnetic helicity and fluxes in an inhomogeneous α squared dynamo
Properties of the Diffuse Emission around Warm Loops in Solar Active Regions
Comparative Study of Microwave Polar Brightening, Coronal Holes, and Solar Wind Over the Solar Poles
3He-rich Solar Energetic Particles from Sunspot Jets
Relative magnetic field line helicity
Forbush decreases and Geomagnetic Storms during a Highly Disturbed Solar and Interplanetary Period, 4‐10 September 2017
Helical Twisting Number and Braiding Linkage Number of Solar Coronal Loops
Small-scale motions in solar filaments as the precursors of eruptions
Modeling of Heliospheric Modulation of Cosmic-Ray Positrons in a Very Quiet Heliosphere
Interpreting magnetic helicity flux in solar flux emergence
Transient Inverse-FIP Plasma Composition Evolution within a Confined Solar Flare
The Role of a Tiny Brightening in a Huge Geo-effective Solar Eruption Leading to the St Patrick's Day Storm

Related Pages
MSU Solar Physics.
Max Millennium Science Mail Archive.
Max Millennium Message of the Day Mail Archive.
Max Millennium Flare Catalog

Archive Maintainer
Alisdair Davey



© 2003 Solar Physics Group - Montana State University