E-Print Archive

There are 4507 abstracts currently viewable.


Search:

Advanced Search
Options
Main Page Add New E-Print Submitter
Information
Feedback
News Help/FAQ About Preferences
Manage Key Phrase
Notification
Prominence and Filament Eruptions Observed by the Solar Dynamics Observatory: Statistical Properties, Kinematics, and Online Catalog View all abstracts by submitter

Patrick McCauley   Submitted: 2015-05-11 12:25

We present a statistical study of prominence and filament eruptions observed by the Atmospheric Imaging Assembly (AIA) aboard the Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO). Several properties are recorded for 904 events that were culled from the Heliophysics Event Knowledgebase (HEK) and incorporated into an online catalog for general use. These characteristics include the filament and eruption type, eruption symmetry and direction, apparent twisting and writhing motions, and the presence of vertical threads and coronal cavities. Associated flares and white-light coronal mass ejections (CME) are also recorded. Total rates are given for each property along with how they differ among filament types. We also examine the kinematics of 106 limb events to characterize the distinct slow- and fast-rise phases often exhibited by filament eruptions. The average fast-rise onset height, slow-rise duration, slow-rise velocity, maximum field-of-view (FOV) velocity, and maximum FOV acceleration are 83 Mm, 4.4 hours, 2.1 km s-1, 106 km s-1, and 111 m s-2, respectively. All parameters exhibit lognormal probability distributions similar to that of CME speeds. A positive correlation between latitude and fast-rise onset height is found, which we attribute to a corresponding negative correlation in the average vertical magnetic field gradient, or decay index, estimated from potential field source surface (PFSS) extrapolations. We also find the decay index at the fast-rise onset point to be 1.1 on average, consistent with the critical instability threshold theorized for straight current channels. Finally, we explore relationships between the derived kinematics properties and apparent twisting motions. We find that events with evident twist have significantly faster CME speeds and significantly lower fast-rise onset heights, suggesting relationships between these values and flux rope helicity.

Authors: Patrick I. McCauley, Yingna Su, Nicole Schanche, Kaitlin E. Evans, Chuan Su, Sean McKillop, and Katharine K. Reeves
Projects: SDO-AIA

Publication Status: SoPh (in press)
Last Modified: 2015-05-12 13:59
Go to main E-Print page  Interaction between an emerging flux region and a pre-existing fan-spine dome observed by IRIS and SDO  Evidence for evaporation-incomplete condensation cycles in warm solar coronal loops  Edit Entry  Download Preprint  Delete Entry 

Key
Go to main E-Print pageGo to main E-Print page.
Previous AbstractPrevious Abstract.
Next AbstractNext Abstract.
Download PreprintDownload Preprint.
Submitter's HomepageSubmitters Homepage.
Edit EntryEdit Entry.
View All Abstracts By SubmitterView all abstracts by submitter.
Delete AbstractDelete abstract.

Latest Entries
The role and contribution of magnetic fields, characterized via their magnetic flux, to the statistical structuring of the solar atmosphere
Do periods of decayless kink oscillations of solar coronal loops depend on noise?
Automatic detection technique for solar filament oscillations in GONG data
Probing the Density Fine Structuring of the Solar Corona with Comet Lovejoy
Confined plasma transition from the solar atmosphere to the interplanetary medium
Extracting the Heliographic Coordinates of Coronal Rays using Images from WISPR/Parker Solar Probe
Two-spacecraft detection of short-period decayless kink oscillations of solar coronal loops
Genesis and Coronal-jet-generating Eruption of a Solar Minifilament Captured by IRIS Slit-raster Spectra
First detection of transverse vertical oscillation during the expansion of coronal loops
A New Position Calibration Method for MUSER Images
Sigmoid Formation Through Slippage of A Single J-shaped Coronal Loop
MHD Simulation of Homologous Eruptions from Solar Active Region 10930 Caused by Sunspot Rotation
Dropouts of Fully Stripped Ions in the Solar Wind: A Diagnostic for Wave Heating versus Reconnection
Plasma heating and nanoflare caused by slow-mode wave in a coronal loop
The Lyman-α Emission in a C1.4 Solar Flare Observed by the Extreme Ultraviolet Imager aboard Solar Orbiter
Imaging and Spectroscopic Observations of the Dynamic Processes in Limb Solar Flares
Evolution of the critical torus instability height and CME likelihood in solar active regions
A Magnetogram-matching Method for Energizing Magnetic Flux Ropes Toward Eruption
A 2D Model for Coronal Bright Points: Association with Spicules, UV bursts, Surges and EUV Coronal Jets
The relativistic solar particle event on 28 October 2021: Evidence of particle acceleration within and escape from the solar corona

Related Pages
MSU Solar Physics.
Max Millennium Science Mail Archive.
Max Millennium Message of the Day Mail Archive.
Max Millennium Flare Catalog

Archive Maintainer
Alisdair Davey



© 2000-2020 Solar Physics Group - Montana State University