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Magnetic Flux and Helicity of Magnetic Clouds View all abstracts by submitter

Pascal Demoulin   Submitted: 2015-08-31 04:23

Magnetic clouds (MCs) are formed by flux ropes (FRs) launched from the Sun as part of coronal mass ejections (CMEs). They carry away an important amount of magnetic flux and helicity. The main aim of this study is to quantify these quantities from insitu measurements of MCs at 1 AU. The fit of these data by a local FR model provides the axial magnetic field strength, the radius, the magnetic flux and the helicity per unit length along the FR axis. We show that these quantities are statistically independent of the position along the FR axis. We then derive the generic shape and length of the FR axis from two sets of MCs. These results improve the estimation of magnetic helicity. Next, we evaluate the total magnetic flux and helicity crossing the sphere of radius of 1 AU, centered at the Sun, per year and during a solar cycle. We also include in the study two sets of small FRs which do not have all the typical characteristics of MCs. While small FRs are at least ten times more numerous than MCs, the magnetic flux and helicity are dominated by the contribution from the larger MCs. They carry in one year the magnetic flux of about 25 large active regions and the magnetic helicity of 200 of them. MCs carry away an amount of unsigned magnetic helicity comparable to the one estimated for the solar dynamo and the one measured in emerging active regions.

Authors: Demoulin P., Janvier M., Dasso S.
Projects: Wind

Publication Status: Solar Physics (in press)
Last Modified: 2015-08-31 09:42
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