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Irreversible Rapid Changes of Magnetic Field Associated wi th the 2012 October 23 Circular Near-limb X1.8 Flare View all abstracts by submitter

Haimin Wang   Submitted: 2016-02-08 07:51

It has been found that photospheric magnetic fields can change in accordance with the three-dimensional magnetic field restructuring following solar eruptions. Previous studies mainly use vector magnetic field data taken for events near the disk center. In this paper, we analyze the magnetic field evolution associated with the 2012 October 23 X1.8 flare in NOAA AR 11598 that is close to the solar limb, using both the 45 s cadence line-of-sight and 12 minute cadence vector magnetograms from the Helioseismic and Magnetic Imager on board Solar Dynamic Observatory. This flare is classified as a circular-ribbon flare with spine-fan type magnetic topology containing a null point. In the line-of-sight magnetograms, there are two apparent polarity inversion lines (PIL). The PIL closer to the limb is affected more by the projection effect. Between these two PILs there lie positive polarity magnetic fields, which are surrounded by negative polarity fields outside the PILs. We find that after the flare, both the apparent limb-ward and disk-ward negative fluxes decrease, while the positive flux in-between increases. We also find that the horizontal magnetic fields have a significant increase along the disk-ward PIL, while in surrounding area, they decrease. Synthesizing the observed field changes, we conclude that the magnetic fields collapse toward the surface above the disk-ward PIL as depicted in the coronal implosion scenario, while the peripheral field turns to a more vertical configuration after the flare. We also suggest that this event is an asymmetric circular-ribbon flare: a flux rope is likely present above the disk-ward PIL. Its eruption causes the instability of the entire fan-spine structure and the implosion near that PIL.

Authors: Dandan Ye, Chang Liu and Haimin Wang
Projects: SDO-HMI

Publication Status: Accepted by Research in Astronomy and Astrophysics
Last Modified: 2016-02-09 14:59
Go to main E-Print page  Ground-based Observations of the Solar Sources of Space Weather (Invited Review)  Tracing the Chromospheric and Coronal Magnetic Field with AIA, IRIS, IBIS, and ROSA Data  Edit Entry  Download Preprint  Submitter's Homepage Delete Entry 

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