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Stellar Evidence that the Solar Dynamo may be in Transition View all abstracts by submitter

Travis Metcalfe   Submitted: 2016-06-29 10:54

Precise photometry from the Kepler space telescope allows not only the measurement of rotation in solar-type field stars, but also the determination of reliable masses and ages from asteroseismology. These critical data have recently provided the first opportunity to calibrate rotation-age relations for stars older than the Sun. The evolutionary picture that emerges is surprising: beyond middle-age the efficiency of magnetic braking is dramatically reduced, implying a fundamental change in angular momentum loss beyond a critical Rossby number (Ro~2). We compile published chromospheric activity measurements for the sample of Kepler asteroseismic targets that were used to establish the new rotation-age relations. We use these data along with a sample of well characterized solar analogs from the Mount Wilson HK survey to develop a qualitative scenario connecting the evolution of chromospheric activity to a fundamental shift in the character of differential rotation. We conclude that the Sun may be in a transitional evolutionary phase, and that its magnetic cycle might represent a special case of stellar dynamo theory.

Authors: Travis S. Metcalfe, Ricky Egeland, Jennifer van Saders
Projects: Mount Wilson Observatory,Other

Publication Status: ApJL (accepted)
Last Modified: 2016-06-29 13:47
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