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Validation of a Scaling Law for the Coronal Magnetic Field Strengths and Loop Lengths of Solar and Stellar Flares View all abstracts by submitter

Kosuke Namekata   Submitted: 2016-10-31 19:51

Shibata & Yokoyama (1999, 2002) proposed a method of estimating the coronal magnetic field strengths (B) and magnetic loop lengths (L) of solar and stellar flares, on the basis of magnetohydrodynamic simulations of the magnetic reconnection model. Using the scaling law provided by Shibata & Yokoyama (1999, 2002), B and L are obtained as functions of the emission measure (EM=n^2L^3) and temperature (T) at the flare peak. Here, n is the coronal electron density of the flares. This scaling law enables the estimation of B and L for unresolved stellar flares from the observable physical quantities EM and T, which is helpful for studying stellar surface activities. To apply this scaling law to stellar flares, we discuss its validity for spatially resolved solar flares. EM and T were calculated from GOES soft X-ray flux data, and B and L are theoretically estimated using the scaling law. For the same flare events, B and L were also observationally estimated with images taken by Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO)/ Helioseismic and Magnetic Imager (HMI) Magnetogram and Atmospheric Imaging Assembly (AIA) 94Å pass band. As expected, a positive correlation was found between the theoretically and observationally estimated values. We interpret this result as indirect evidence that flares are caused by magnetic reconnection. Moreover, this analysis makes us confident in the validity of applying this scaling law to stellar flares as well as solar flares.

Authors: Kosuke Namekata, Takahito Sakaue, Kyoko Watanabe, Ayumi Asai, Kazunari Shibata
Projects: GOES X-rays,SDO-AIA,SDO-HMI

Publication Status: Accepted for publication in PASJ
Last Modified: 2016-11-02 08:41
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