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2010 August 1-2 sympathetic eruptions: II. Magnetic topology of the MHD background field View all abstracts by submitter

Viacheslav S. Titov   Submitted: 2017-07-26 19:20

Using a potential field source surface (PFSS) model, we recently analyzed the global topology of the background coronal magnetic field for a sequence of coronal mass ejections (CMEs) that occurred on 2010 August 1-2. Here we repeat this analysis for the background field reproduced by a magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) model that incorporates plasma thermodynamics. As for the PFSS model, we find that all three CME source regions contain a coronal hole that is separated from neighboring coronal holes by topologically very similar pseudo-streamer structures. However, the two models yield very different results for the size, shape, and flux of the coronal holes. We find that the helmet-streamer cusp line, which corresponds to a source-surface null line in the PFSS model, is structurally unstable and does not form in the MHD model. Our analysis indicates that generally, in MHD configurations, this line rather consists of a multiple-null separator passing along the edge of disconnected flux regions. Some of these regions are transient and may be the origin of so-called streamer blobs. We show that the core topological structure of such blobs is a three-dimensional "plasmoid", consisting of two conjoined flux ropes of opposite handedness, which connect at a spiral null point of the magnetic field. Our analysis reveals that such plasmoids appear also in pseudo-streamers on much smaller scales. These new insights into the coronal magnetic topology provide some intriguing implications for solar energetic particle events and for the properties of the slow solar wind.

Authors: Viacheslav S. Titov, Zoran Mikic, Tibor Torok, Jon A. Linker, and Olga Panasenco
Projects: None

Publication Status: accepted for publication in ApJ.
Last Modified: 2017-07-31 11:05
Go to main E-Print page  Electron acceleration and small‐scale coherent structure formation by an Alfv?n wave propagating in coronal interplume region  Microflare Heating of a Solar Active Region Observed with NuSTAR, Hinode/XRT, and SDO/AIA  Edit Entry  Download Preprint  Submitter's Homepage Delete Entry 

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