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Center-to-Limb Variability of Hot Coronal EUV Emissions During Solar Flares View all abstracts by submitter

Edward Thiemann   Submitted: 2018-01-08 09:48

It is generally accepted that densities of quiet sun and active region plasma are sufficiently low to justify the optically thin approximation, and it is commonly used in the analysis of line emissions from plasma in the solar corona. However, densities of solar flare loops are substantially higher, compromising the optically thin approximation. This study begins with a radiative transfer model that uses typical solar flare densities and geometries to show that hot coronal emission lines are not generally optically thin. Further, the model demonstrates that the observed line intensity should exhibit center-to-limb variability (CTLV), with flares observed near the limb being dimmer than those occurring near disk-center. The model predictions are validated with an analysis of over 200 flares observed by EVE on SDO that uses 6 lines, with peak formation temperatures between 8.9 and 15.8 MK, to show limb flares are systematically dimmer than disk-center flares. The data are then used to show that the electron column density along the line-of-sight typically increases by 1.76 x 1019cm-2 for limb flares over the disk-center flare value. It is shown that CTLV of hot coronal emissions reduces the amount of ionizing radiation propagating into the solar system, and changes the relative intensities of lines and bands commonly used for spectral analysis.

Authors: Edward Thiemann, Phillip Chamberlin, Francis Eparvier, Luke Epp
Projects: SDO-EVE

Publication Status: Accepted by Solar Physics
Last Modified: 2018-01-09 11:30
Go to main E-Print page  Three-dimensional Forward-fit Modeling of the Hard X-Ray and Microwave Emissions of the 2015 June 22 M6.5 Flare  A time dependent relation between EUV solar flare light-curves from lines with differing formation temperatures  Edit Entry  Download Preprint  Delete Entry 

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