E-Print Archive

There are 3882 abstracts currently viewable.


Search:

Advanced Search
Options
Main Page Add New E-Print Submitter
Information
Feedback
News Help/FAQ About Preferences
Manage Key Phrase
Notification
Sun-to-Earth MHD Simulation of the 14 July 2000 "Bastille Day" Eruption View all abstracts by submitter

Tibor Torok   Submitted: 2018-01-19 08:54

Solar eruptions are the main driver of space-weather disturbances at the Earth. Extreme events are of particular interest, not only because of the scientific challenges they pose, but also because of their possible societal consequences. Here we present a magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) simulation of the 14 July 2000 Bastille Day eruption, which produced a very strong geomagnetic storm. After constructing a thermodynamic MHD model of the corona and solar wind, we insert a magnetically stable flux rope along the polarity inversion line of the eruption's source region and initiate the eruption by boundary flows. More than 1033 ergs of magnetic energy are released in the eruption within a few minutes, driving a flare, an EUV wave, and a coronal mass ejection (CME) that travels in the outer corona at about 1500 km s-1, close to the observed speed. We then propagate the CME to Earth, using a heliospheric MHD code. Our simulation thus provides the opportunity to test how well in situ observations of extreme events are matched if the eruption is initiated from a stable magnetic-equilibrium state. We find that the flux-rope center is very similar in character to the observed magnetic cloud, but arrives about 8.5 hours later and about 15 degrees too far to the North, with field strengths that are too weak by a factor of about 1.6. The front of the flux rope is highly distorted, exhibiting localized magnetic-field concentrations as it passes 1 AU. We discuss these properties with regard to the development of space-weather predictions based on MHD simulations of solar eruptions.

Authors: Tibor Török, Cooper Downs, Jon A. Linker, Roberto Lionello, Viacheslav S. Titov, Zoran Mikić, Pete Riley, Ron M. Caplan, Janvier Wijaya
Projects: None

Publication Status: ApJ (under revision)
Last Modified: 2018-01-23 11:53
Go to main E-Print page  The ?FIP Effect? and the Origins of Solar Energetic Particles and of the Solar Wind  The density compression ratio of shock fronts associated with coronal mass ejections  Edit Entry  Download Preprint  Delete Entry 

Key
Go to main E-Print pageGo to main E-Print page.
Previous AbstractPrevious Abstract.
Next AbstractNext Abstract.
Download PreprintDownload Preprint.
Submitter's HomepageSubmitters Homepage.
Edit EntryEdit Entry.
View All Abstracts By SubmitterView all abstracts by submitter.
Delete AbstractDelete abstract.

Latest Entries
The origin of the modulation of the radio emission from the solar corona by a fast magnetoacoustic wave
Indirect solar wind measurements using archival cometary tail observations
Helium abundance and speed difference between helium ions and protons in the solar wind from coronal holes, active regions, and quiet Sun
Always a Farm Boy
Effect of transport coefficients on excitation of flare-induced standing slow-mode waves in coronal loops
Study of Three-dimensional Magnetic Structure and the Successive Eruptive Nature of Active Region 12371
Statistical study of magnetic non-potential measures in confined and eruptive flares
Quasi-periodic Counter-propagating Fast Magnetosonic Wave Trains from Neighboring Flares: SDO/AIA Observations and 3D MHD Modeling
Negative flare in the He I 10830 Å line in facula
Time resolved spectroscopic observations of an M-dwarf flare star EV Lac during a flare
Two Episodes of Magnetic Reconnections During a Confined Circular-ribbon Flare
Enhanced stellar activity for slow antisolar differential rotation?
Quasi-periodic pulsations in the most powerful solar flare of Cycle 24
GONG Catalog of Solar Filament Oscillations Near Solar Maximum
Chromospheric response during the precursor and the main phase of a B6.4 flare on August 20, 2005
Unambiguous Evidence of Coronal Implosions During Solar Eruptions and Flares
Two Types of Long-duration Quasi-static Evolution of Solar Filaments
Oscillations of cometary tails: a vortex shedding phenomenon?
Observations of Running Penumbral Waves Emerging in a Sunspot
Reconnection in the Post-Impulsive Phase of Solar Flares

Related Pages
MSU Solar Physics.
Max Millennium Science Mail Archive.
Max Millennium Message of the Day Mail Archive.
Max Millennium Flare Catalog

Archive Maintainer
Alisdair Davey



© 2003 Solar Physics Group - Montana State University