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Unambiguous Evidence of Coronal Implosions During Solar Eruptions and Flares View all abstracts by submitter

Juntao Wang   Submitted: 2018-04-09 05:21

In the implosion conjecture, coronal loops contract as the result of magnetic energy release in solar eruptions and flares. However, after almost two decades, observations of this phenomenon are still rare, and most of previous reports are plagued by projection effects so that loop contraction could be either true implosion or just a change in loop inclination. In this paper, to demonstrate the reality of loop contractions in the global coronal dynamics, we present four events with the continuously contracting loops in an almost edge-on geometry from the perspective of SDO/AIA, which are free from the ambiguity caused by the projection effects, also supplemented by contemporary observations from STEREO for examination. In the wider context of observations, simulations and theories, we argue that the implosion conjecture is valid in interpreting these events. Furthermore, distinct properties of the events allow us to identify two physical categories of implosion. One type demonstrates a rapid contraction at the beginning of the flare impulsive phase, as magnetic free energy is removed rapidly by a filament eruption. The other type, which has no visible eruption, shows a continuous loop shrinkage during the entire flare impulsive phase which we suggest manifests the ongoing conversion of magnetic free energy in a coronal volume. Corresponding scenarios are described, which can provide reasonable explanations for the observations. We also point out that implosions may be suppressed in cases when a heavily-mass-loaded filament is involved, possibly serving as an alternative account for their observational rarity.

Authors: Juntao Wang, P. J. A. Simões, and L. Fletcher
Projects: None

Publication Status: Accepted for publication in ApJ
Last Modified: 2018-04-10 16:45
Go to main E-Print page  Chromospheric response during the precursor and the main phase of a B6.4 flare on August 20, 2005  Two Types of Long-duration Quasi-static Evolution of Solar Filaments  Edit Entry  Download Preprint  Delete Entry 

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