E-Print Archive

There are 4035 abstracts currently viewable.


Advanced Search
Main Page Add New E-Print Submitter
News Help/FAQ About Preferences
Manage Key Phrase
Collective Study of Polar Crown Filaments in the Past Four Solar Cycles View all abstracts by submitter

Yan Xu   Submitted: 2018-07-31 19:00

Polar Crown Filaments (PCFs) form above the magnetic polarity inversion line, which separates the unipolar polar fields and the nearest dispersed fields from trailing part of active regions with opposite polarity. The statistical properties of PCFs are correlated with the solar cycle. Therefore, study of PCFs plays an important role in understanding the variation of solar cycle, especially the prolonged cycle 23 and the current "abnormal" solar cycle 24. In this study, we investigate PCFs using full disk Hα data from 1973 to early 2018, recorded by Kanzelhöhe Solar Observatory (KSO) and Big Bear Solar Observatory (BBSO), in digital form from 1997 to 2018 and in 35 mm film (digitized) from 1973 to 1996. PCFs are identified manually because their segmented shape and close-to-limb location were not handled well by automatical detections in several previous studies. Our results show that the PCFs start to move poleward at the beginning of each solar cycle. When the PCFs approach to the maximum latitude, the polar field strength reduces to zero followed by a reversal. The migration rates are about 0.4 to 0.7 degree per Carrington rotation, with clear N-S asymmetric pattern. In cycles 21 and 23, the PCFs in the northern hemisphere migrate faster than those in the southern hemisphere. However, in the "abnormal" cycle 24, the southern PCFs migrate faster, which is consistent with other observations of magnetic fields and radio emission. In addition, there are more days in cycle 23 and 24 without PCFs than in the previous cycles.

Authors: Yan Xu, Werner Potzi, Hewei Zhang, Nengyi Huang, Ju Jing, and Haimin Wang
Projects: Other

Publication Status: in press
Last Modified: 2018-07-31 19:06
Go to main E-Print page  Solar Kinetic Energy and Cross Helicity Spectra  Highly Ionized Calcium and Argon X-ray Spectra from a Large Solar Flare  Edit Entry  Download Preprint  Delete Entry 

Go to main E-Print pageGo to main E-Print page.
Previous AbstractPrevious Abstract.
Next AbstractNext Abstract.
Download PreprintDownload Preprint.
Submitter's HomepageSubmitters Homepage.
Edit EntryEdit Entry.
View All Abstracts By SubmitterView all abstracts by submitter.
Delete AbstractDelete abstract.

Latest Entries
Why Does the Solar Corona Abnormally Rotate Faster Than the Photosphere?
Impacts On Proton Fluxes Observed During Different Interplanetary Conditions
Coronal Loop Seismology Using Standing Kink Oscillations With a Lookup Table
Data-Optimized Coronal Field Model: I. Proof of Concept
Coronal Bright Points
Difference of source regions between fast and slow coronal mass ejections
Invited Review: Signatures of Magnetic Flux Ropes in the Low Solar Atmosphere Observed in High Resolution
Do Kepler superflare stars really include slowly-rotating Sun-like stars ? - Results using APO 3.5m telescope spectroscopic observations and Gaia-DR2 data -
Magnetically Induced Current Piston for Generating Extreme-ultraviolet Fronts in the Solar Corona
Magnetic Field Dynamics and Varying Plasma Emission in Large-scale Coronal Loops
Nonlinear Evolution of Ion Kinetic Instabilities in the Solar Wind
What determines the X-ray intensity and duration of a solar flare?
Fast Magnetoacoustic Wave Trains with Time-dependent Drivers
Three-dimensional reconstruction of CME-driven shock-streamer interaction from radio observations: a different take on the diagnostics of coronal magnetic fields
The soft X-ray spectrometer polarimeter SolpeX
Variable emission mechanism of a Type IV radio burst
Inference of magnetic field strength and density from damped transverse coronal waves
Frequency-Distance Structure of Solar Radio Sources Observed by LOFAR
The birth of a coronal mass ejection
Properties of slow magnetoacoustic oscillations of solar coronal loops by multi-instrumental observations

Related Pages
MSU Solar Physics.
Max Millennium Science Mail Archive.
Max Millennium Message of the Day Mail Archive.
Max Millennium Flare Catalog

Archive Maintainer
Alisdair Davey

© 2003 Solar Physics Group - Montana State University