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Coronal condensations caused by magnetic reconnection between solar coronal loops View all abstracts by submitter

Leping Li   Submitted: 2018-08-28 21:46

Employing Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO)/Atmospheric Imaging Assembly (AIA) multi-wavelength images, we report the coronal condensation during the magnetic reconnection (MR) between a system of open and closed coronal loops. Higher-lying magnetically open structures, observed in AIA 171 Å images above the solar limb, move downward and interact with the lower-lying closed loops, resulting in the formation of dips in the former. An X-type structure forms at the interface. The interacting loops reconnect and disappear. Two sets of newly-reconnected loops then form and recede from the MR region. During the MR process, bright emission appears sequentially in the AIA 131 Å and 304 Å channels repeatedly in the dips of higher-lying open structures. This indicates the cooling and condensation process of hotter plasma from ~0.9 MK down to ~0.6 MK, and then to ~0.05 MK, also supported by the light curves of the AIA 171 Å, 131 Å, and 304 Å channels. The part of higher-lying open structures supporting the condensations participate in the successive MR. The condensations without support by underlying loops then rain back to the solar surface along the newly-reconnected loops. Our results suggest that the MR between coronal loops leads to the condensation of hotter coronal plasma and its downflows. MR thus plays an active role in the mass cycle of coronal plasma because it can initiate the catastrophic cooling and condensation. This underlines that the magnetic and thermal evolution has to be treated together and cannot be separated, even in the case of catastrophic cooling.

Authors: Leping Li, Jun Zhang, Hardi Peter, Lakshmi Pradeep Chitta, Jiangtao Su, Chun Xia, Hongqiang Song, Yijun Hou
Projects: SDO-AIA

Publication Status: 2018, ApJL, 864, L4
Last Modified: 2018-08-29 09:39
Go to main E-Print page  Corotating Shock Waves and the Solar-Wind Source of Energetic Ion Abundances: Power Laws in A/Q  Measurement of Vector Magnetic Field in a Flare kernel with a Spectropolarimetric Observation in He I 10830 A  Edit Entry  Download Preprint  Delete Entry 

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