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Advances in mean-field dynamo theory and applications to astrophysical turbulence View all abstracts by submitter

Axel Brandenburg   Submitted: 2018-09-05 00:47

Recent advances in mean-field theory are reviewed and applications to the Sun, late-type stars, accretion disks, galaxies, and the early Universe are discussed. We focus particularly on aspects of spatio-temporal nonlocality, which is one of the main insights that emerged from applying the test-field method to magnetic fields of different length and timescales. We also review the status of nonlinear quenching and the relation to magnetic helicity, which is an important observational diagnostic of modern solar dynamo theory. Both solar and some stellar dynamos seem to operate in an intermediate regime that has not yet been possible to model successfully. This regime is bracketed by antisolar-like differential rotation on one end and stellar activity cycles belonging to the superactive stars on the other. The difficulty in modeling this regime may be related to shortcomings in modelling solar/stellar convection. On galactic and extragalactic length scales, the observational constraints are still less stringent and uncertain, but recent advances both in theory and in observations suggest that more conclusive comparisons may soon be possible. The possibility of inversely cascading magnetic helicity throughout all of the early Universe is particularly exciting in explaining the lower limits of magnetic fields on cosmological length scales and the possibility of parity breaking and finite helicity of such a field.

Authors: Axel Brandenburg
Projects: None

Publication Status: J. Plasma Phys. 84, 735840404
Last Modified: 2018-09-05 12:43
Go to main E-Print page  Time variations of the non-potential and volume-threading magnetic helicities  Reverse Current Model for Coronal Mass Ejection Cavity Formation  Edit Entry  Download Preprint  Submitter's Homepage Delete Entry 

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