E-Print Archive

There are 4036 abstracts currently viewable.


Search:

Advanced Search
Options
Main Page Add New E-Print Submitter
Information
Feedback
News Help/FAQ About Preferences
Manage Key Phrase
Notification
Statistical Analysis of Torus and Kink Instabilities in Solar Eruptions View all abstracts by submitter

Ju Jing   Submitted: 2018-10-02 09:14

A recent laboratory experiment of ideal magnetohydrodynamic instabilities revealed four distinct eruption regimes readily distinguished by the torus instability (TI) and helical kink instability (KI) parameters. To establish its observational counterpart, we collected 38 solar flares (stronger than GOES-class M5 in general) that took place withing 45° of disk center during 2011-2017, 26 of which are associated with a halo or partial halo coronal mass ejection (CME; i.e., ejective events), while the others are CME-less (i.e., confined events). This is a complete sample of solar events satisfying our selection criteria detailed in the paper. For each event, we calculate a decay index n of the potential strapping field above the magnetic flux rope (MFR) in and around the flaring magnetic polarity inversion line (a TI parameter) and the unsigned twist number Tw of the nonlinear force-free field lines forming the same MFR (a KI parameter). We then construct an n-Tw diagram to investigate how the eruptiveness depends on these parameters. We find that (1) Tw appears to play little role in discriminating between confined and ejective events; (2) the events with n ≳ 0.8 are all ejective, and all confined events have n ≲ 0.8. However, n ≳ 0.8 is not a necessary condition for eruption because some events with n ≲ 0.8 also erupted. In addition, we investigate the MFR's geometrical parameters, apex height, and distance between footpoints, as a possible factors for the eruptiveness. We briefly discuss the difference of the present result for solar eruptions with that of the laboratory result in terms of the role played by magnetic reconnection.

Authors: Ju Jing, Chang Liu, Jeongwoo Lee, Hantao Ji, Nian Liu, Yan Xu, and Haimin Wang
Projects: SDO-AIA,SDO-HMI,SoHO-LASCO

Publication Status: published in ApJ
Last Modified: 2018-10-02 10:55
Go to main E-Print page  Particle acceleration in coalescent and squashed magnetic islands I. Test particle approach  Solar Eruptions, Forbush Decreases and Geomagnetic Disturbances from Outstanding Active Region 12673  Edit Entry  Download Preprint  Delete Entry 

Key
Go to main E-Print pageGo to main E-Print page.
Previous AbstractPrevious Abstract.
Next AbstractNext Abstract.
Download PreprintDownload Preprint.
Submitter's HomepageSubmitters Homepage.
Edit EntryEdit Entry.
View All Abstracts By SubmitterView all abstracts by submitter.
Delete AbstractDelete abstract.

Latest Entries
Flare reconnection-driven magnetic field and Lorentz force variations at the Sun's surface
Why Does the Solar Corona Abnormally Rotate Faster Than the Photosphere?
Impacts On Proton Fluxes Observed During Different Interplanetary Conditions
Coronal Loop Seismology Using Standing Kink Oscillations With a Lookup Table
Data-Optimized Coronal Field Model: I. Proof of Concept
Coronal Bright Points
Difference of source regions between fast and slow coronal mass ejections
Invited Review: Signatures of Magnetic Flux Ropes in the Low Solar Atmosphere Observed in High Resolution
Do Kepler superflare stars really include slowly-rotating Sun-like stars ? - Results using APO 3.5m telescope spectroscopic observations and Gaia-DR2 data -
Magnetically Induced Current Piston for Generating Extreme-ultraviolet Fronts in the Solar Corona
Magnetic Field Dynamics and Varying Plasma Emission in Large-scale Coronal Loops
Nonlinear Evolution of Ion Kinetic Instabilities in the Solar Wind
What determines the X-ray intensity and duration of a solar flare?
Fast Magnetoacoustic Wave Trains with Time-dependent Drivers
Three-dimensional reconstruction of CME-driven shock-streamer interaction from radio observations: a different take on the diagnostics of coronal magnetic fields
The soft X-ray spectrometer polarimeter SolpeX
Variable emission mechanism of a Type IV radio burst
Inference of magnetic field strength and density from damped transverse coronal waves
Frequency-Distance Structure of Solar Radio Sources Observed by LOFAR
The birth of a coronal mass ejection

Related Pages
MSU Solar Physics.
Max Millennium Science Mail Archive.
Max Millennium Message of the Day Mail Archive.
Max Millennium Flare Catalog

Archive Maintainer
Alisdair Davey



© 2003 Solar Physics Group - Montana State University