Flare Productivity of Major Flaring Solar Active Regions: A Timeseries Study of Photospheric Magnetic Properties 

EoJin Lee Submitted: 20181103 21:16
A solar active region (AR) that produces at least one M or Xclass major flare tends to produce multiple flares during its passage across the solar disk. It will be interesting if we can estimate how flareproductive a given major flaring AR is for a time interval of several days, by investigating time series of its photospheric magnetic field properties. For this, we studied 93 major flaring ARs observed from 2010 to 2016 by the Helioseismic and Magnetic Imager (HMI) on board the Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO). More specifically, for each AR under study, the mean and fluctuation were calculated from an 8day time series of each of 18 photospheric magnetic parameters extracted from the Spaceweather HMI Active Region Patch (SHARP) vector magnetogram products at 12min cadence. We then compared these with the AR's 8day flare index, which is defined as the sum of soft Xray peak fluxes of flares produced in the AR during the same interval of the 8day SHARP parameter time series. As a result, it is found that the 8day flare index is well correlated with the mean and/or fluctuation values of some magnetic parameters (with correlation coefficients of 0.60.7 in loglog space). Interestingly, the 8day flare index shows a slightly better correlation with the fluctuation than the mean for the SHARP parameters associated with the surface integral of photospheric magnetic free energy density. We also discuss how the correlation varies if the 8day flare index is compared with the mean or fluctuation calculated from an initial portion of the SHARP parameter time series.
Authors: EoJin Lee, SungHong Park, YongJae Moon
Projects: GOES Xrays,SDOHMI

Publication Status: Solar Physics (accepted)
Last Modified: 20181105 14:16


