E-Print Archive

There are 4003 abstracts currently viewable.


Advanced Search
Main Page Add New E-Print Submitter
News Help/FAQ About Preferences
Manage Key Phrase
The Origin of Major Solar Activity - Collisional Shearing Between Nonconjugated Polarities of Multiple Bipoles Emerging Within Active Regions View all abstracts by submitter

Georgios Chintzoglou   Submitted: 2018-11-06 18:59

Active Regions (ARs) that exhibit compact Polarity Inversion Lines (PILs) are known to be very flare-productive. However, the physical mechanisms behind this statistical inference have not been demonstrated conclusively. We show that such PILs can occur due to the collision between two emerging flux tubes nested within the same AR. In such multipolar ARs, the flux tubes may emerge simultaneously or sequentially, each initially producing a bipolar magnetic region (BMR) at the surface. During each flux tube's emergence phase, the magnetic polarities can migrate such that opposite polarities belonging to different BMRs collide, resulting in shearing and cancellation of magnetic flux. We name this process 'collisional shearing' to emphasize that the shearing and flux cancellation develops due to the collision. Collisional shearing is a process different from the known concept of flux cancellation occurring between polarities of a single bipole, a process that has been commonly used in many numerical models. High spatial and temporal resolution observations from the Solar Dynamics Observatory for two emerging ARs, AR11158 and AR12017, show the continuous cancellation of up to 40% of the unsigned magnetic flux of the smallest BMR, which occurs at the collisional PIL for as long as the collision persists. The flux cancellation is accompanied by a succession of solar flares and CMEs, products of magnetic reconnection along the collisional PIL. Our results suggest that the quantification of magnetic cancellation driven by collisional shearing needs to be taken into consideration in order to improve the prediction of solar energetic events and space weather.

Authors: Georgios Chintzoglou, Jie Zhang, Mark C. M. Cheung, Maria Kazachenko

Publication Status: The Astrophysical Journal; Accepted
Last Modified: 2018-11-07 12:04
Go to main E-Print page  Oscillations accompanying a He I 10830 ? negative flare in a solar facula  Probing the Puzzle of Behind-the-limb γ-Ray Flares: Data-driven Simulations of Magnetic Connectivity and CME-driven Shock Evolution  Edit Entry  Download Preprint  Delete Entry 

Go to main E-Print pageGo to main E-Print page.
Previous AbstractPrevious Abstract.
Next AbstractNext Abstract.
Download PreprintDownload Preprint.
Submitter's HomepageSubmitters Homepage.
Edit EntryEdit Entry.
View All Abstracts By SubmitterView all abstracts by submitter.
Delete AbstractDelete abstract.

Latest Entries
Transient Inverse-FIP Plasma Composition Evolution within a Confined Solar Flare
The Role of a Tiny Brightening in a Huge Geo-effective Solar Eruption Leading to the St Patrick's Day Storm
A basal contribution from p-modes to the Alfvénic wave flux in the corona
Multiwavelength Study of Equatorial Coronal-Hole Jets
Non-thermal hydrogen Lyman line and continuum emission in solar flares generated by electron beams
Determining normal mode features from numerical simulations using CEOF analysis: I. Test case using transverse oscillations of a magnetic slab
Modelling the Effect of Mass-Draining on Prominence Eruptions
Transverse waves in coronal flux tubes with thick boundaries: The effect of longitudinal flows
Electron distribution and energy release in magnetic reconnection outflow regions during the pre-impulsive phase of a solar flare
Benchmarking CME arrival time and impact: Progress on metadata, metrics, and events
First Unambiguous Imaging of Large-Scale Quasi-Periodic Extreme-Ultraviolet Wave or Shock
Coronal Imaging with the Solar UltraViolet Imager
Investigation of pre-flare dynamics using the weighted horizontal magnetic gradient method: From small to major flare classes
Seismological determination of the Alfvén speed and plasma-beta in solar photospheric bright points
Dynamo Wave Patterns Inside the Sun Revealed by Torsional Oscillations
Evidence of Twisting and Mixed-polarity Solar Photospheric Magnetic Field in Large Penumbral Jets: IRIS and Hinode Observations
Dissipation scale lengths of density turbulence in the inner solar wind
On the Possibility of Generating Harmonics of the Electron Plasma Frequency in the Solar Atmosphere due to Explosive Instability in a System of Interpenetrating Electron and Ion Flows
Determination of the total accelerated electron rate and power using solar flare hard X-ray spectra
Transition from axi- to nonaxisymmetric dynamo modes in spherical convection models of solar-like stars

Related Pages
MSU Solar Physics.
Max Millennium Science Mail Archive.
Max Millennium Message of the Day Mail Archive.
Max Millennium Flare Catalog

Archive Maintainer
Alisdair Davey

© 2003 Solar Physics Group - Montana State University