E-Print Archive

There are 4035 abstracts currently viewable.


Advanced Search
Main Page Add New E-Print Submitter
News Help/FAQ About Preferences
Manage Key Phrase
The Origin of Major Solar Activity - Collisional Shearing Between Nonconjugated Polarities of Multiple Bipoles Emerging Within Active Regions View all abstracts by submitter

Georgios Chintzoglou   Submitted: 2018-11-06 18:59

Active Regions (ARs) that exhibit compact Polarity Inversion Lines (PILs) are known to be very flare-productive. However, the physical mechanisms behind this statistical inference have not been demonstrated conclusively. We show that such PILs can occur due to the collision between two emerging flux tubes nested within the same AR. In such multipolar ARs, the flux tubes may emerge simultaneously or sequentially, each initially producing a bipolar magnetic region (BMR) at the surface. During each flux tube's emergence phase, the magnetic polarities can migrate such that opposite polarities belonging to different BMRs collide, resulting in shearing and cancellation of magnetic flux. We name this process 'collisional shearing' to emphasize that the shearing and flux cancellation develops due to the collision. Collisional shearing is a process different from the known concept of flux cancellation occurring between polarities of a single bipole, a process that has been commonly used in many numerical models. High spatial and temporal resolution observations from the Solar Dynamics Observatory for two emerging ARs, AR11158 and AR12017, show the continuous cancellation of up to 40% of the unsigned magnetic flux of the smallest BMR, which occurs at the collisional PIL for as long as the collision persists. The flux cancellation is accompanied by a succession of solar flares and CMEs, products of magnetic reconnection along the collisional PIL. Our results suggest that the quantification of magnetic cancellation driven by collisional shearing needs to be taken into consideration in order to improve the prediction of solar energetic events and space weather.

Authors: Georgios Chintzoglou, Jie Zhang, Mark C. M. Cheung, Maria Kazachenko

Publication Status: The Astrophysical Journal; Accepted
Last Modified: 2018-11-07 12:04
Go to main E-Print page  Oscillations accompanying a He I 10830 ? negative flare in a solar facula  Probing the Puzzle of Behind-the-limb γ-Ray Flares: Data-driven Simulations of Magnetic Connectivity and CME-driven Shock Evolution  Edit Entry  Download Preprint  Delete Entry 

Go to main E-Print pageGo to main E-Print page.
Previous AbstractPrevious Abstract.
Next AbstractNext Abstract.
Download PreprintDownload Preprint.
Submitter's HomepageSubmitters Homepage.
Edit EntryEdit Entry.
View All Abstracts By SubmitterView all abstracts by submitter.
Delete AbstractDelete abstract.

Latest Entries
Why Does the Solar Corona Abnormally Rotate Faster Than the Photosphere?
Impacts On Proton Fluxes Observed During Different Interplanetary Conditions
Coronal Loop Seismology Using Standing Kink Oscillations With a Lookup Table
Data-Optimized Coronal Field Model: I. Proof of Concept
Coronal Bright Points
Difference of source regions between fast and slow coronal mass ejections
Invited Review: Signatures of Magnetic Flux Ropes in the Low Solar Atmosphere Observed in High Resolution
Do Kepler superflare stars really include slowly-rotating Sun-like stars ? - Results using APO 3.5m telescope spectroscopic observations and Gaia-DR2 data -
Magnetically Induced Current Piston for Generating Extreme-ultraviolet Fronts in the Solar Corona
Magnetic Field Dynamics and Varying Plasma Emission in Large-scale Coronal Loops
Nonlinear Evolution of Ion Kinetic Instabilities in the Solar Wind
What determines the X-ray intensity and duration of a solar flare?
Fast Magnetoacoustic Wave Trains with Time-dependent Drivers
Three-dimensional reconstruction of CME-driven shock-streamer interaction from radio observations: a different take on the diagnostics of coronal magnetic fields
The soft X-ray spectrometer polarimeter SolpeX
Variable emission mechanism of a Type IV radio burst
Inference of magnetic field strength and density from damped transverse coronal waves
Frequency-Distance Structure of Solar Radio Sources Observed by LOFAR
The birth of a coronal mass ejection
Properties of slow magnetoacoustic oscillations of solar coronal loops by multi-instrumental observations

Related Pages
MSU Solar Physics.
Max Millennium Science Mail Archive.
Max Millennium Message of the Day Mail Archive.
Max Millennium Flare Catalog

Archive Maintainer
Alisdair Davey

© 2003 Solar Physics Group - Montana State University