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CME-driven shock and Type II solar radio burst band-splitting View all abstracts by submitter

Nicolina Chrysaphi   Submitted: 2018-11-13 05:13

Coronal Mass Ejections (CMEs) are believed to be effective in producing shocks in the solar corona and the interplanetary space. One of the important signatures of shocks and shock acceleration are Type II solar radio bursts that drift with the shock speed and produce bands of plasma fundamental and higher harmonic radio emission. An intriguing aspect of Type II radio bursts is the occasional split of a harmonic band into thinner lanes, known as band-splitting. Here, we report a detailed imaging and spectroscopic observation of a CME-driven shock producing band-splitting in a Type II burst. Using the Low Frequency Array (LOFAR), we examine the spatial and temporal relation of the Type II burst to the associated CME event, use source imaging to calculate the apparent coronal density, and demonstrate how source imaging can be used to estimate projection effects. We consider two widely accepted band-splitting models that make opposing predictions regarding the locations of the true emission sources with respect to the shock front. Our observations suggest that the locations of the upper and lower sub-band sources are spatially separated by ∼0.2-0.05 R. However, we quantitatively show, for the first time, that such separation is consistent with radio-wave scattering of plasma radio emission from a single region, implying that the split-band Type II sources could originate from nearly co-spatial locations. Considering the effects of scattering, the observations provide supporting evidence for the model that interprets the band-splitting as emission originating in the upstream and downstream regions of the shock front, two virtually co-spatial areas.

Authors: Chrysaphi, N., Kontar E. P., Holman, G. D., and Temmer, M.
Projects: LOw Frequency ARray (LOFAR),SDO-AIA,SoHO-LASCO

Publication Status: ApJ (in press)
Last Modified: 2018-11-14 12:12
Go to main E-Print page  Spectroscopic EUV observations of impulsive solar energetic particle event sources  Signatures of magnetic reconnection at the footpoints of fan shape jets on a light bridge driven by photospheric convective motions  Edit Entry  Download Preprint  Delete Entry 

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