E-Print Archive

There are 4002 abstracts currently viewable.


Search:

Advanced Search
Options
Main Page Add New E-Print Submitter
Information
Feedback
News Help/FAQ About Preferences
Manage Key Phrase
Notification
Lifetimes and Emergence/Decay Rates of Star Spots on Solar-type Stars Estimated by Kepler Data in Comparison with Those of Sunspots View all abstracts by submitter

Kosuke Namekata   Submitted: 2018-11-28 21:03

Active solar-type stars show large quasi-periodic brightness variations caused by stellar rotations with star spots, and the amplitude changes as the spots emerge and decay. The Kepler data are suitable for investigations on the emergence and decay processes of star spots, which are important to understand underlying stellar dynamo and stellar flares. In this study, we measured temporal evolutions of star spot area with Kepler data by tracing local minima of the light curves. In this analysis, we extracted temporal evolutions of star spots showing clear emergence and decay without being disturbed by stellar differential rotations. We applied this method to 5356 active solar-type stars observed by Kepler and obtained temporal evolutions of 56 individual star spots. We calculated lifetimes, emergence and decay rates of the star spots from the obtained temporal evolutions of spot area. As a result, we found that lifetimes (T) of star spots are ranging from 10 to 350 days when spot areas (A) are 0.1-2.3 percent of the solar hemisphere. We also compared them with sunspot lifetimes, and found that the lifetimes of star spots are much shorter than those extrapolated from an empirical relation of sunspots (T∝ A), while being consistent with other researches on star spot lifetimes. The emerging and decay rates of star spots are typically 5 x 1020 Mx · h-1 (8 MSH · h-1) with the area of 0.1-2.3 percent of the solar hemisphere and are mostly consistent with those expected from sunspots, which may indicate the same underlying processes.

Authors: Kosuke Namekata, Hiroyuki Maehara, Yuta Notsu, Shin Toriumi, Hisashi Hayakawa, Kai Ikuta, Shota Notsu, Satoshi Honda, Daisaku Nogami, and Kazunari Shibata
Projects: None

Publication Status: accepted for publication in ApJ
Last Modified: 2018-11-29 10:38
Go to main E-Print page  A Two-Step Magnetic Reconnection in a Confined X-class Flare in Solar Active Region 12673  IRIS and SDO Observations of Solar Jetlets Resulting from Network-edge Flux Cancelation  Edit Entry  Download Preprint  Delete Entry 

Key
Go to main E-Print pageGo to main E-Print page.
Previous AbstractPrevious Abstract.
Next AbstractNext Abstract.
Download PreprintDownload Preprint.
Submitter's HomepageSubmitters Homepage.
Edit EntryEdit Entry.
View All Abstracts By SubmitterView all abstracts by submitter.
Delete AbstractDelete abstract.

Latest Entries
The Role of a Tiny Brightening in a Huge Geo-effective Solar Eruption Leading to the St Patrick's Day Storm
A basal contribution from p-modes to the Alfvénic wave flux in the corona
Multiwavelength Study of Equatorial Coronal-Hole Jets
Non-thermal hydrogen Lyman line and continuum emission in solar flares generated by electron beams
Determining normal mode features from numerical simulations using CEOF analysis: I. Test case using transverse oscillations of a magnetic slab
Modelling the Effect of Mass-Draining on Prominence Eruptions
Transverse waves in coronal flux tubes with thick boundaries: The effect of longitudinal flows
Electron distribution and energy release in magnetic reconnection outflow regions during the pre-impulsive phase of a solar flare
Benchmarking CME arrival time and impact: Progress on metadata, metrics, and events
First Unambiguous Imaging of Large-Scale Quasi-Periodic Extreme-Ultraviolet Wave or Shock
Coronal Imaging with the Solar UltraViolet Imager
Investigation of pre-flare dynamics using the weighted horizontal magnetic gradient method: From small to major flare classes
Seismological determination of the Alfvén speed and plasma-beta in solar photospheric bright points
Dynamo Wave Patterns Inside the Sun Revealed by Torsional Oscillations
Evidence of Twisting and Mixed-polarity Solar Photospheric Magnetic Field in Large Penumbral Jets: IRIS and Hinode Observations
Dissipation scale lengths of density turbulence in the inner solar wind
On the Possibility of Generating Harmonics of the Electron Plasma Frequency in the Solar Atmosphere due to Explosive Instability in a System of Interpenetrating Electron and Ion Flows
Determination of the total accelerated electron rate and power using solar flare hard X-ray spectra
Transition from axi- to nonaxisymmetric dynamo modes in spherical convection models of solar-like stars
Can high-mode magnetohydrodynamic waves propagating in a spinning macrospicule be unstable due to the Kelvin-Helmholtz instability?

Related Pages
MSU Solar Physics.
Max Millennium Science Mail Archive.
Max Millennium Message of the Day Mail Archive.
Max Millennium Flare Catalog

Archive Maintainer
Alisdair Davey



© 2003 Solar Physics Group - Montana State University