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Evidence of Twisting and Mixed-polarity Solar Photospheric Magnetic Field in Large Penumbral Jets: IRIS and Hinode Observations View all abstracts by submitter

Sanjiv Tiwari   Submitted: 2019-01-09 20:14

A recent study using Hinode (Solar Optical Telescope/Filtergraph [SOT/FG]) data of a sunspot revealed some unusually large penumbral jets that often repeatedly occurred at the same locations in the penumbra, namely, at the tail of a penumbral filament or where the tails of multiple penumbral filaments converged. These locations had obvious photospheric mixed-polarity magnetic flux in Na I 5896 Stokes-V images obtained with SOT/FG. Several other recent investigations have found that extreme-ultraviolet (EUV)/X-ray coronal jets in quiet-Sun regions (QRs), in coronal holes (CHs), and near active regions (ARs) have obvious mixed-polarity fluxes at their base, and that magnetic flux cancellation prepares and triggers a minifilament flux-rope eruption that drives the jet. Typical QR, CH, and AR coronal jets are up to 100 times bigger than large penumbral jets, and in EUV/X-ray images they show a clear twisting motion in their spires. Here, using Interface Region Imaging Spectrograph (IRIS) Mg II k λ2796 SJ images and spectra in the penumbrae of two sunspots, we characterize large penumbral jets. We find redshift and blueshift next to each other across several large penumbral jets, and we interpret these as untwisting of the magnetic field in the jet spire. Using Hinode/SOT (FG and SP) data, we also find mixed-polarity magnetic flux at the base of these jets. Because large penumbral jets have a mixed-polarity field at their base and have a twisting motion in their spires, they might be driven the same way as QR, CH, and AR coronal jets.

Authors: Tiwari, Sanjiv K.; Moore, Ronald L.; De Pontieu, Bart; Tarbell, Theodore D.; Panesar, Navdeep K.; Winebarger, Amy R.; Sterling, Alphonse C.
Projects: None

Publication Status: published
Last Modified: 2019-01-09 23:44
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