E-Print Archive

There are 4115 abstracts currently viewable.


Advanced Search
Main Page Add New E-Print Submitter
News Help/FAQ About Preferences
Manage Key Phrase
Transient Inverse-FIP Plasma Composition Evolution within a Confined Solar Flare View all abstracts by submitter

Deborah Baker   Submitted: 2019-02-20 01:11

Understanding elemental abundance variations in the solar corona provides an insight into how matter and energy flow from the chromosphere into the heliosphere. Observed variations depend on the first ionization potential (FIP) of the main elements of the Sun's atmosphere. High-FIP elements (>10 eV) maintain photospheric abundances in the corona, whereas low-FIP elements have enhanced abundances. Conversely, inverse FIP (IFIP) refers to the enhancement of high-FIP or depletion of low-FIP elements. We use spatially resolved spectroscopic observations, specifically the Ar XIV/Ca XIV intensity ratio, from Hinode's Extreme-ultraviolet Imaging Spectrometer to investigate the distribution and evolution of plasma composition within two confined flares in a newly emerging, highly sheared active region. During the decay phase of the first flare, patches above the flare ribbons evolve from the FIP to the IFIP effect, while the flaring loop tops show a stronger FIP effect. The patch and loop compositions then evolve toward the pre-flare basal state. We propose an explanation of how flaring in strands of highly sheared emerging magnetic fields can lead to flare-modulated IFIP plasma composition over coalescing umbrae which are crossed by flare ribbons. Subsurface reconnection between the coalescing umbrae leads to the depletion of low-FIP elements as a result of an increased wave flux from below. This material is evaporated when the flare ribbons cross the umbrae. Our results are consistent with the ponderomotive fractionation model (Laming2015) for the creation of IFIP-biased plasma.

Authors: Deborah Baker, Lidia van Driel-Gesztelyi, David H. Brooks, Gherardo Valori, Alexander W. James, J. Martin Laming, David M. Long, Pascal Demoulin, Lucie M. Green, Sarah A. Matthews, Katalin Olah, Zsolt Kovari
Projects: Hinode/EIS

Publication Status: Accepted by ApJ
Last Modified: 2019-02-20 12:07
Go to main E-Print page  Interpreting magnetic helicity flux in solar flux emergence  The Role of a Tiny Brightening in a Huge Geo-effective Solar Eruption Leading to the St Patrick?s Day Storm  Edit Entry  Download Preprint  Submitter's Homepage Delete Entry 

Go to main E-Print pageGo to main E-Print page.
Previous AbstractPrevious Abstract.
Next AbstractNext Abstract.
Download PreprintDownload Preprint.
Submitter's HomepageSubmitters Homepage.
Edit EntryEdit Entry.
View All Abstracts By SubmitterView all abstracts by submitter.
Delete AbstractDelete abstract.

Latest Entries
Non-Stationary Fast-Driven Self-Organized Criticality in Solar Flares
Global Energetics of Solar Flares. IX. Refined Magnetic Modeling
The Solar Orbiter SPICE instrument - An extreme UV imaging spectrometer
Anisotropic Radio-Wave Scattering and the Interpretation of Solar Radio Emission Observations
Large-amplitude quasi-periodic pulsations as evidence of impulsive heating in hot transient loop systems detected in the EUV with SDO/AIA
Dynamic Evolution of Current Sheets, Ideal Tearing, Plasmoid Formation and Generalized Fractal Reconnection Scaling Relations
Characteristics of solar wind rotation
A Study of Pre-Flare Solar Coronal Magnetic Fields: Magnetic Flux Ropes
New Solar Irradiance Measurements from the Miniature X-Ray Solar Spectrometer Cubesat
MinXSS-1 CubeSat On-Orbit Pointing and Power Performance: The First Flight of the Blue Canyon Technologies XACT 3-axis Attitude Determination and Control System
The Multi-instrument (EVE-RHESSI) DEM for Solar Flares, and Implications for Nonthermal Emission
A Statistical Study of Solar Filament Eruptions That Forms High-Speed Coronal Mass Ejections
Reversed dynamo at small scales and large magnetic Prandtl number
Three-dimensional Density Structure of a Solar Coronal Streamer Observed by SOHO/LASCO and STEREO/COR2 in Quadrature
Modelling Mg II During Solar Flares, I: Partial Frequency Redistribution, Opacity, and Coronal Irradiation
The Birth of a Jet-driven Twin CME and Its Deflection from Remote Magnetic Fields
On the Origin of Solar Torsional Oscillations and Extended Solar Cycle
What Sets the Magnetic Field Strength and Cycle Period in Solar-type Stars?
Stereoscopic Observations of an Erupting Mini-filament Driven Two-Sided-Loop Jet and the Applications for Diagnosing Filament Magnetic field
Dynamic Processes of the Moreton Wave on 2014 March 29

Related Pages
MSU Solar Physics.
Max Millennium Science Mail Archive.
Max Millennium Message of the Day Mail Archive.
Max Millennium Flare Catalog

Archive Maintainer
Alisdair Davey

© 2003 Solar Physics Group - Montana State University