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What determines the X-ray intensity and duration of a solar flare? View all abstracts by submitter

Jeffrey Reep   Submitted: 2019-03-27 14:00

Solar flares are observed and classified according to their intensity measured with the GOES X-ray Sensors. We show that the duration of a flare, as measured by the full width at half maximum (FWHM) in GOES is not related to the size of the flare as measured by GOES intensity. The durations of X-class flares range from a few minutes to a few hours, and the same is true of M- and C-class flares. In this work, we therefore examine the statistical relationships between the basic properties of flares - temperature, emission measure, energy, etc. - in comparison to both their size and duration. We find that the size of the flare is directly related to all of these basic properties, as previously found by many authors. The duration is not so clear. When examining the whole data set, the duration appears to be independent of all of these properties. In larger flares, however, there are direct correlations between the GOES FWHM and magnetic reconnection flux and ribbon area. We discuss the possible explanations, finding that this discrepancy may be due to large uncertainties in small flares, though we cannot rule out the possibility that the driving physical processes are different in smaller flares than larger ones. We discuss the implications of this result and how it relates to the magnetic reconnection process that releases energy in flares.

Authors: Jeffrey W. Reep & Kalman J. Knizhnik
Projects: None

Publication Status: In press, ApJ
Last Modified: 2019-03-29 03:16
Go to main E-Print page  Nonlinear Evolution of Ion Kinetic Instabilities in the Solar Wind  Fast Magnetoacoustic Wave Trains with Time-dependent Drivers  Edit Entry  Download Preprint  Delete Entry 

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