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New Solar Irradiance Measurements from the Miniature X-Ray Solar Spectrometer Cubesat View all abstracts by submitter

Amir Caspi   Submitted: 2019-08-26 13:09

The goal of the Miniature X-ray Solar Spectrometer (MinXSS) CubeSat is to explore the energy distribution of soft X-ray (SXR) emissions from the quiescent Sun, active regions, and during solar flares and to model the impact on Earthʼs ionosphere and thermosphere. The energy emitted in the SXR range (0.1-10 keV) can vary by more than a factor of 100, yet we have limited spectral measurements in the SXRs to accurately quantify the spectral dependence of this variability. The MinXSS primary science instrument is an Amptek, Inc. X123 X-ray spectrometer that has an energy range of 0.5-30 keV with a nominal 0.15 keV energy resolution. Two flight models have been built. The first, MinXSS-1, has been making science observations since 2016 June 9 and has observed numerous flares, including more than 40 C-class and 7 M-class flares. These SXR spectral measurements have advantages over broadband SXR observations, such as providing the capability to derive multiple-temperature components and elemental abundances of coronal plasma, improved irradiance accuracy, and higher resolution spectral irradiance as input to planetary ionosphere simulations. MinXSS spectra obtained during the M5.0 flare on 2016 July 23 highlight these advantages and indicate how the elemental abundance appears to change from primarily coronal to more photospheric during the flare. MinXSS-1 observations are compared to the Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite (GOES) X-ray Sensor (XRS) measurements of SXR irradiance and estimated corona temperature. Additionally, a suggested improvement to the calibration of the GOES XRS data is presented.

Authors: Thomas N. Woods, Amir Caspi, Phillip C. Chamberlin, Andrew Jones, Richard Kohnert, James P. Mason, Christopher S. Moore, Scott Palo, Colden Rouleau, Stanley C. Solomon, Janet Machol, Rodney Viereck
Projects: GOES X-rays,MinXSS

Publication Status: Published -- Woods et al. 2017, ApJ, 835, 122; DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/835/2/122
Last Modified: 2019-08-27 10:10
Go to main E-Print page  A Study of Pre-Flare Solar Coronal Magnetic Fields: Magnetic Flux Ropes  MinXSS-1 CubeSat On-Orbit Pointing and Power Performance: The First Flight of the Blue Canyon Technologies XACT 3-axis Attitude Determination and Control System  Edit Entry  Download Preprint  Delete Entry 

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