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Non-Stationary Fast-Driven Self-Organized Criticality in Solar Flares View all abstracts by submitter

Markus J Aschwanden   Submitted: 2019-09-18 13:40

The original concept of self-organized criticality (Bak et al. 1987), applied to solar flare statistics (Lu and Hamilton 1991), assumed a slow-driven and stationary flaring rate, which warrants time scale separation (between flare durations and inter-flare waiting times), it reproduces power-law distributions for flare peak fluxes and durations, but predicts an exponential waiting time distribution. In contrast to these classical assumptions we observe: (i) multiple energy dissipation episodes during most flares, (ii) violation of the principle of time scale separation, (iii) a fast-driven and non-stationary flaring rate, (iv) a power law distribution for waiting times Δ t, with a slope of α Δ t ≈ 2.0, as predicted from the universal reciprocality between mean flaring rates and mean waiting times; and (v) pulses with rise times and decay times of the dissipated magnetic free energy on time scales of 12±6 min, up to 13 times in long-duration (≈ 4 hrs) flares. These results are inconsistent with coronal long-term energy storage (Rosner and Vaiana 1978), but require photospheric-chromospheric current injections into the corona.

Authors: Markus J. Aschwanden
Projects: SDO-AIA

Publication Status: ApJ (subm)
Last Modified: 2019-09-18 23:40
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