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Can Sub-photospheric Magnetic Reconnection Change the Elemental Composition in the Solar Corona? View all abstracts by submitter

Deb Baker   Submitted: 2020-03-09 02:47

Within the coronae of stars, abundances of those elements with low first ionization potential (FIP) often differ from their photospheric values. The coronae of the Sun and solar-type stars mostly show enhancements of low- FIP elements (the FIP effect) while more active stars such as M-dwarfs have coronae generally characterized by the inverse-FIP effect (I-FIP). Here we observe patches of I-FIP effect solar plasma in AR 12673, a highly complex beta/gamma/delta active region. We argue that the umbrae of coalescing sunspots and more specifically strong light bridges within the umbrae, are preferential locations for observing I-FIP effect plasma. Furthermore, the magnetic complexity of the active region and major episodes of fast flux emergence also lead to repetitive and intense flares. The induced evaporation of the chromospheric plasma in flare ribbons crossing umbrae enables the observation of four localized patches of I-FIP effect plasma in the corona of AR 12673. These observations can be interpreted in the context of the ponderomotive force fractionation model which predicts that plasma with I-FIP effect composition is created by the refraction of waves coming from below the chromosphere. We propose that the waves generating the I-FIP effect plasma in solar active regions are generated by sub-photospheric reconnection of coalescing flux systems. Although we only glimpse signatures of I-FIP effect fractionation produced by this interaction in patches on the Sun, on highly active M-stars it may be the dominant process.

Authors: Deborah Baker, Lidia van Driel-Gesztelyi, David H. Brooks, Pascal Demoulin, Gherardo Valori, David M. Long, J. Martin Laming, Andy S. H. To, Alexander W. James
Projects: None

Publication Status: Accepted ApJ
Last Modified: 2020-03-11 13:12
Go to main E-Print page  Magnetic connectivity between the light bridge and penumbra in a sunspot  Response of SDO/HMI observables to heating of the solar atmosphere by precipitating high-energy electrons  Edit Entry  Download Preprint  Submitter's Homepage Delete Entry 

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