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Excitation of negative energy surface magnetohydrodynamic waves in an incompressible cylindrical plasma View all abstracts by submitter

Valery Nakariakov   Submitted: 2020-04-29 10:56

Negative energy wave phenomena may appear in shear flows in the presence of a wave decay mechanism and external energy supply. We study the appearance of negative energy surface waves in a plasma cylinder in the incompressible limit. The cylinder is surrounded by an axial magnetic field and by a plasma of different density. Considering flow inside and viscosity outside the flux tube, we derive dispersion relations, and obtain analytical solutions for the phase speed and growth rate (increment) of the waves. It is found that the critical speed shear for the occurrence of the dissipative instability associated with negative energy waves (NEWs) and the threshold of Kelvin-Helmholtz instability (KHI) depend on the axial wavelength. The critical shear for the appearance of sausage NEW is lowest for the longest axial wavelengths, while for kink waves the minimum value of the critical shear is reached for the axial wavelength comparable to the diameter of the cylinder. The range between the critical speed of the dissipative instability and the KHI threshold is shown to depend on the difference of the Alfvén speeds inside and outside of the cylinder. For all axial {wavenumbers}, NEW appears for the shear flow speeds lower than the KHI threshold. It is easier to excite NEW in an underdense cylinder than in an overdense one. The negative energy surface waves can be effectively generated for azimuthal number m=0 with a large axial wave number and for higher modes (m>0) with a small axial wave number.

Authors: Yu, D.J., Nakariakov, V.M.
Projects: None

Publication Status: ApJ, accepted
Last Modified: 2020-04-29 15:36
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