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Lyman α Variability During Solar Flares Over Solar Cycle 24 Using GOES-15/EUVS-E View all abstracts by submitter

Ryan Milligan   Submitted: 2020-06-05 04:02

The chromospheric Lyman α line of neutral hydrogen (Lya; 1216) is the strongest emission line in the solar spectrum. Fluctuations in Lya are known to drive changes in planetary atmospheres, although few instruments have had the ability to capture rapid Lya enhancements during solar flares. In this paper we describe flare-associated emissions via a statistical study of 477 M- and X-class flares as observed by the EUV Sensor on board the 15th Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite, which has been monitoring the full-disk solar Lya irradiance on 10s timescales over the course of Solar Cycle 24. The vast majority (95%) of these flares produced Lya enhancements of 10% or less above background levels, with a maximum increase of ∼30%. The irradiance in Lya was found to exceed that of the 1-8 X-ray irradiance by as much as two orders of magnitude in some cases, although flares that occurred closer to the solar limb were found to exhibit less of a Lya enhancement. This center-to-limb variation was verified through a joint, stereoscopic observation of an X-class flare that appeared near the limb as viewed from Earth, but close to disk center as viewed by the MAVEN spacecraft in orbit around Mars. The frequency distribution of peak Lya was found to have a power-law slope of 2.80.27. We also show that increased Lya flux is closely correlated with induced currents in the ionospheric E-layer through the detection of the solar flare effect as observed by the Kakioka magnetometer.

Authors: Ryan O. Milligan, Hugh S. Hudson, Phillip C. Chamberlin, Iain G. Hannah, Laura A. Hayes
Projects: GOES/EUVS,GOES X-rays

Publication Status: Accepted for publication in Space Weather
Last Modified: 2020-06-08 17:00
Go to main E-Print page  MinXSS-2 CubeSat mission overview: Improvements from the successful MinXSS-1 mission  Sunquake with a second-bounce, other sunquakes and emission associated with X9.3 flare of 6 September 2017.  II. Proposed interpretation  Edit Entry  Download Preprint  Delete Entry 

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